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When used in this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings, except to the extent that any such word or phrase specifically is qualified by its context:
(a) “Association” means a savings association or savings and loan association subject to provisions of this chapter.
(b) “Board” means the State Board of Banking Review.
(c) “Capital stock association” means an association organized pursuant to Sections 81-12-37 and 81-12-39.
(d) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Banking and Consumer Finance.
(e) “Community” means a centralized area or locality in which the inhabitants have common residential, social or business interests. The term is not restricted to a municipal corporation or other political subdivision; a community need not be limited by lines and boundaries. A city, town or other governmental unit, either incorporated or unincorporated, may constitute one (1) community; a large, populous area under one or more forms of government may comprise one (1) or several communities.
(f) “Department” means the Department of Banking and Consumer Finance.
(g) “Earnings” means that part of the “sources available for payment of earnings” as defined herein which is declared payable on savings accounts from time to time by the board of directors. Earnings also may be referred to as “interest.”
(h) “Financial institution” means a thrift institution, commercial bank or trust company.
(i) “Impaired condition” means a condition in which the assets of an association in the aggregate do not have a fair value equal to the aggregate amount of liabilities of the association to its creditors, including its members and all other persons, or a condition in which the association shall be unable to pay when due current withdrawal requests by its members or depositors.
(j) “Insured association” means an association, the savings accounts of which are insured wholly or in part in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
(k) “Liquid assets” means cash on hand, cash on deposit in federal home loan banks, in state banks performing similar reserve functions, or in commercial banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, which is not pledged as security for indebtedness; except that any deposits in a bank under the control or in the possession of any supervisory authority shall not be considered as liquid assets; loans immediately available or federal funds on a day-to-day basis to a bank insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; and direct obligations of, or obligations which are fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by, the United States or agencies or instrumentalities thereof or this state.
(l) “Member” means a person holding a savings account of a mutual association, and a person borrowing from or assuming or obligated upon a loan or interest therein held by an association, or purchasing property securing a loan or interest therein held by an association, and any other person obligated to an association. A joint and survivorship relationship, whether of savers or borrowers, constitutes a single membership. This definition shall not apply to associations organized under Sections 81-12-37 and 81-12-39 as a capital stock association.
(m) “Mutual association” means an association composed of members which is not a capital stock association as authorized by this chapter.
(n) “Net income” means gross revenues for an accounting period less all expenses paid or incurred, taxes and losses sustained as shall not have been charged to reserves pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.
(o) “Net worth” means the sum of all reserve accounts (except specific or valuation reserves), retained earnings, capital stock, any other nonwithdrawable accounts of an association, and the principal amount of any subordinated debt securities to the extent authorized by the commissioner.
(p) “One borrower” means: (i) any person or entity which is or which, upon the making of a loan, will become obligor on a real estate loan; (ii) nominees of such obligor; (iii) all persons, trusts, partnerships, syndicates and corporations of which such obligor is a nominee or a beneficiary, partner, member or record or beneficial stockholder owning ten percent (10%) or more of the capital stock; and (iv) if such obligor is a trust, partnership, syndicate or corporation, all trusts, partnerships, syndicates and corporations of which any beneficiary, partner, member or record or beneficial stockholder owning ten percent (10%) or more of the capital stock, is also a beneficiary, partner, member or record or beneficial stockholder owning ten percent (10%) or more of the capital stock of such obligor. A guarantor or endorser shall be considered an obligor.
(q) “Person” means any natural or artificial being, including any legal entity.
(r) “Primary lending area” means this state and any county (or parish) of another state of which the county seat is located not more than seventy-five (75) air miles from the home or a branch office of an association.
(s) “Real estate loan” means any loan or other obligation secured by a first lien on real estate in any state held in fee or in a leasehold or subleasehold extending or renewable automatically or at the option of the holder (or at the option of the association) for a period of at least ten (10) years beyond the maturity or date scheduled for a final principal payment of such loan or obligation, or any transaction out of which a first lien or claim is created against such real estate, including, inter alia, the purchase of such real estate in fee by an association and the concurrent or immediate sale thereof on installment contract.
(t) “Savings account” means that part of the savings liability of the association which is credited to the account of the holder thereof. A savings account also may be referred to as a deposit.
(u) “Savings institution” means either an association or a savings bank.
(v) “Savings liability” means the aggregate amount of savings accounts of members and depositors, including earnings credited to such accounts, less redemptions and withdrawals.
(w) “Service organization” means an organization, substantially all the activities of which consist of originating, purchasing, selling and servicing loans upon real estate and participating interests therein, or clerical, bookkeeping, accounting, statistical or similar functions performed primarily for associations, and such other activities as the commissioner, by regulation, may approve, which are directly related to real estate development and the servicing of real estate loans.
(x) “Sources available for payment of earnings” means net income for an accounting period less amounts transferred to reserves as provided in or permitted by this chapter, plus any balance of undivided profits from preceding accounting periods, or from surplus.
(y) “Thrift institution” means a savings bank, bank for savings, a homestead association, a savings and loan association, a building and loan association, a federal savings association, a federal savings and loan association, and a supervised thrift and residential financing institution of a substantially similar nature, but shall not include a banking association organized under the laws of the United States or a bank organized under the laws of this state or any other state.
(z) “Withdrawal value” means the amount credited to a savings account of a member, less lawful deductions therefrom, as contained in the records of the association.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Mississippi Code Title 81. Banks and Financial Institutions § 81-12-3. Definitions - last updated January 01, 2018 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ms/title-81-banks-and-financial-institutions/ms-code-sect-81-12-3.html
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