Maryland Code, Labor and Employment § 5-101

(a) In this title the following words have the meanings indicated.

(b) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Labor and Industry.

(c)(1) “Employee” means, except as provided in § 5-401 of this title, an individual whom an employer employs, for a wage or other compensation, in the business of the employer.

(2) “Employee” includes:

(i) an individual whom a governmental unit employs;

(ii) an individual who is licensed as a taxicab driver and leases or rents a taxicab from a person who operates or owns a taxicab business in Baltimore City;

(iii) an individual who is employed for part-time or temporary help by a governmental unit or person who engages in a business that directly employs individuals to provide part-time or temporary help to another governmental unit or person;  and

(iv) an individual who performs work for a governmental unit or person to whom the individual is provided by another governmental unit or person who engages in a business that directly employs individuals to provide part-time or temporary help.

(d)(1) “Employer” means:

(i) except as provided in § 5-401 of this title, a person who is engaged in commerce, industry, trade, or other business in the State and employs at least one employee in that business;  or

(ii) a public body.

(2) “Employer” includes:

(i) a person who operates or owns a taxicab business in Baltimore City and leases or rents a taxicab to a licensed taxicab driver, to provide services to the public;

(ii) a governmental unit or person who engages in a business that directly employs individuals to provide part-time or temporary help to another governmental unit or person;  and

(iii) a governmental unit or person who contracts directly with another governmental unit or person who engages in a business that directly employs individuals to provide part-time or temporary help to another governmental unit or person.

(e) “Occupational safety and health standard” means a regulation that requires:

(1) a condition that is reasonably appropriate or necessary to make employment and places of employment safe and healthful;  or

(2) the adoption or use of a means, method, operation, practice, or process that is reasonably appropriate or necessary to make employment and places of employment safe and healthful.

(f) “Person” includes a successor.

(g) “Place of employment” means a place in or about which an employee is allowed to work.

(h) “Public body” means:

(1) a governmental unit;

(2) a public or quasi-public corporation of the State;

(3) a school district in the State or any unit of the district;  or

(4) a special district in the State or any unit of the district.


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