Skip to main content

Maryland Code, Criminal Law § 9-801

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes, a free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes, visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

(a) In this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.

(b) “Coerce” means to compel or attempt to compel another by threat of harm or other adverse consequences.

(c) “Criminal organization”means an enterprise whose members:

(1) individually or collectively engage in a pattern of organized crime activity;

(2) have as one of their primary objectives or activities the commission of one or more underlying crimes, including acts by juveniles that would be underlying crimes if committed by adults;  and

(3) have in common an overt or covert organizational or command structure.

(d) “Enterprise” includes:

(1) a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, business trust, or other legal entity;  or

(2) any group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal entity.

(e) “Pattern of organized crime activity” means the commission of, attempted commission of, conspiracy to commit, or solicitation of two or more underlying crimes or acts by a juvenile that would be an underlying crime if committed by an adult, provided the crimes or acts were not part of the same incident.

(f) “Solicit” has the meaning stated in § 11-301 of this article.

(g) “Underlying crime” means:

(1) a crime of violence as defined under § 14-101 of this article;

(2) a violation of § 3-203 (second degree assault), § 3-1102 (sex trafficking), § 3-1103 (forced marriage), § 4-203 (wearing, carrying, or transporting a handgun), § 7-113 (embezzlement by fiduciary), or § 7-315 (theft--telecommunications-related) of this article, § 9-102 (subornation of perjury), § 9-202(a) (bribery of juror), § 9-302 (inducing false testimony or avoidance of subpoena), § 9-303 (retaliation for testimony), § 9-305 (intimidating or corrupting juror), § 9-306 (obstruction of justice), § 9-307 (destruction of evidence), § 9-413 (contraband--for escape), § 9-416 (contraband--controlled dangerous substance), or § 9-417 (contraband--telecommunications-related) of this title, or § 11-304 (receiving earnings of prostitute), § 11-307 (house of prostitution), or § 12-104 (gaming offenses), of this article;

(3) a felony violation of § 3-701 (extortion), § 4-503 (manufacture or possession of destructive device), § 5-602 (distribution of CDS), § 5-603 (manufacturing CDS or equipment), § 5-604(b) (creating or possessing a counterfeit substance), § 5-606 (false prescription), § 6-103 (second degree arson), § 6-202 (first degree burglary), § 6-203 (second degree burglary), § 6-204 (third degree burglary), § 7-104 (theft), or § 7-105 (unauthorized use of a motor vehicle) of this article;

(4) a felony violation of § 5-133 of the Public Safety Article;

(5) a crime under the laws of another state or of the United States that would be a crime listed in items (1) through (4) of this subsection if committed in this State;  or

(6) the attempted commission of, conspiracy to commit, or solicitation of a crime or act listed in items (1) through (5) of this subsection.

Cite this article: - Maryland Code, Criminal Law § 9-801 - last updated December 31, 2021 |

FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

Was this helpful?

Thank you. Your response has been sent.

Copied to clipboard