Indiana Code Title 35. Criminal Law and Procedure § 35-44.1-2-2

Sec. 2 . (a) A person who:

(1) knowingly or intentionally induces, by threat, coercion, false statement, or offer of goods, services, or anything of value, a witness or informant in an official proceeding or investigation to:

(A) withhold or unreasonably delay in producing any testimony, information, document, or thing;

(B) avoid legal process summoning the person to testify or supply evidence;  or

(C) absent the person from a proceeding or investigation to which the person has been legally summoned;

(2) knowingly or intentionally in an official criminal proceeding or investigation:

(A) withholds or unreasonably delays in producing any testimony, information, document, or thing after a court orders the person to produce the testimony, information, document, or thing;

(B) avoids legal process summoning the person to testify or supply evidence;  or

(C) absents the person from a proceeding or investigation to which the person has been legally summoned;

(3) alters, damages, or removes any record, document, or thing, with intent to prevent it from being produced or used as evidence in any official proceeding or investigation;

(4) makes, presents, or uses a false record, document, or thing with intent that the record, document, or thing, material to the point in question, appear in evidence in an official proceeding or investigation to mislead a public servant;  or

(5) communicates, directly or indirectly, with a juror otherwise than as authorized by law, with intent to influence the juror regarding any matter that is or may be brought before the juror;

commits obstruction of justice, a Level 6 felony, except as provided in subsection (b).

(b) Except as provided in subsection (e), the offense described in subsection (a) is a Level 5 felony if, during the investigation or pendency of a domestic violence or child abuse case under subsection (c), a person knowingly or intentionally:

(1) offers, gives, or promises any benefit to;

(2) communicates a threat as defined by IC 35-45-2-1(c) to;  or

(3) intimidates, unlawfully influences, or unlawfully persuades;

any witness to abstain from attending or giving testimony at any hearing, trial, deposition, probation, or other criminal proceeding or from giving testimony or other statements to a court or law enforcement officer under IC 35-31.5-2-185 .

(c) As used in this section, “domestic violence or child abuse case” means any case involving an allegation of:

(1) the commission of a crime involving domestic or family violence under IC 35-31.5-2-76 involving a family or household member under IC 35-31.5-2-128 ;

(2) the commission of a crime of domestic violence under IC 35-31.5-2-78 involving a family or household member under IC 35-31.5-2-128 ;  or

(3) physical abuse, sexual abuse, or child neglect, including crimes listed under IC 35-31.5-2-76 involving a victim who was less than eighteen (18) years of age at the time of the offense, whether or not the person is a family or household member under IC 35-31.5-2-128 .

(d) Subsection (a)(2)(A) does not apply to:

(1) a person who qualifies for a special privilege under IC 34-46-4 with respect to the testimony, information, document, or thing;  or

(2) a person who, as:

(A) an attorney;

(B) a physician;

(C) a member of the clergy;  or

(D) a husband or wife;

is not required to testify under IC 34-46-3-1 .

(e) Subsection (b) does not apply to:

(1) an attorney;

(2) an investigator;

(3) a law enforcement officer;  or

(4) a judge;

engaged in that person's professional or official duties.


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