Indiana Code Title 35. Criminal Law and Procedure § 35-34-1-4

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes, a free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes, visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

Sec. 4 . (a) The court may, upon motion of the defendant, dismiss the indictment or information upon any of the following grounds:

(1) The indictment or information, or any count thereof, is defective under section 6 of this chapter.

(2) Misjoinder of offenses or parties defendant, or duplicity of allegation in counts.

(3) The grand jury proceeding was defective.

(4) The indictment or information does not state the offense with sufficient certainty.

(5) The facts stated do not constitute an offense.

(6) The defendant has immunity with respect to the offense charged.

(7) The prosecution is barred by reason of a previous prosecution.

(8) The prosecution is untimely brought.

(9) The defendant has been denied the right to a speedy trial.

(10) There exists some jurisdictional impediment to conviction of the defendant for the offense charged.

(11) Any other ground that is a basis for dismissal as a matter of law.

(b) Except as otherwise provided, a motion under this section shall be made no later than:

(1) twenty (20) days if the defendant is charged with a felony;  or

(2) ten (10) days if the defendant is charged only with one (1) or more misdemeanors;

prior to the omnibus date.  A motion made thereafter may be summarily denied if based upon a ground specified in subdivision (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(4), or (a)(5) of this section.  A motion to dismiss based upon a ground specified in subdivision (a)(6), (a)(7), (a)(8), (a)(9), (a)(10), or (a)(11) of this section may be made or renewed at any time before or during trial.  A motion to dismiss based upon lack of jurisdiction over the subject matter may be made at any time.

(c) Upon the motion to dismiss, a defendant who is in a position adequately to raise more than one (1) ground in support thereof shall raise every ground upon which he intends to challenge the indictment or information.  A subsequent motion based upon a ground not properly raised may be summarily denied.  However, the court, in the interest of justice and for good cause shown, may entertain and dispose of such a motion on the merits.

(d) Upon the motion to dismiss, the court shall:

(1) overrule the motion to dismiss;

(2) grant the motion to dismiss and discharge the defendant;  or

(3) grant the motion to dismiss and deny discharge of the defendant if the court determines that the indictment or information may be cured by amendment under section 5 of this chapter and the prosecuting attorney has moved for leave to amend.

If the court grants the motion under subdivision (3) and grants the prosecuting attorney leave to amend, any prior order imposing conditions of release pending trial shall stand unless otherwise modified or removed by order of the court.

(e) If the court grants a motion under subsection (a)(3) and the prosecuting attorney informs the court on the record that the charges will be refiled within seventy-two (72) hours by information:

(1) the court may not discharge the defendant;  and

(2) any prior order concerning release pending trial remains in force unless it is modified or removed by the court.

(f) An order of dismissal does not, of itself, constitute a bar to a subsequent prosecution of the same crime or crimes except as otherwise provided by law.

Cite this article: - Indiana Code Title 35. Criminal Law and Procedure § 35-34-1-4 - last updated June 08, 2021 |

FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

Copied to clipboard