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(1) Retain Original Property. To retain for such time as the fiduciary shall deem advisable any property, real, personal or mixed, which the fiduciary may receive, even though the retention of such property by reason of its character, amount, proportion to the total estate or otherwise would not be appropriate for the fiduciary apart from this provision. The fiduciary shall not retain non-income-producing property in a trust intended to qualify for the marital deduction without the consent of the life beneficiary of such trust or the life beneficiary's legal representative, including the life beneficiary's guardian or conservator.
(2) Sell, Mortgage or Exchange Property. To sell, exchange, alter, assign, transfer, grant options to buy, sign real estate listing agreements; to convey, pledge, hypothecate; and to mortgage, lease and sublease, even beyond the period of the estate or any trust; to partition or otherwise dispose of any property or interest therein; to do any of such acts without an order of any court, at public or private sale or otherwise, upon such terms and conditions, including credit, and for such consideration as the fiduciary shall deem advisable; to transfer and convey the property or any interest therein, in fee simple absolute or otherwise free of all trusts. The receipts of the fiduciary for moneys or things paid or delivered shall be effective discharges therefrom to the persons paying or delivering the same and no one either dealing with the fiduciary or from whom the fiduciary shall receive any money, property or other credit shall be required to see to the application thereof or shall be under any duty to follow the proceeds or other consideration received by the fiduciary from such sale or exchange. No one dealing with the fiduciary, or with any real, personal or mixed property which is or was estate or trust property, shall be bound to ascertain or inquire as to the existence or occurrence of any event or purpose in or for which a sale is herein authorized or directed or otherwise as to the purpose or regularity of any acts of the fiduciary purporting to be done in pursuance of any other provisions or powers herein incorporated or granted.
(3) Invest and Reinvest. To invest and reinvest, as the fiduciary shall deem advisable, in stocks of any class, bonds, debentures, notes, mortgages or other securities as well as in investment trusts, mutual funds and common trust funds, to open accounts in any type of commercial or savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union or similar organization or company, whether within or without the state of Connecticut and to acquire by lease or purchase any interest in real property or real estate investment trusts whether such investment is in or outside the state of Connecticut or the United States and even though such investment shall not be of the character approved by applicable law but for this provision. Notwithstanding any other provisions to the contrary, neither a trustee of an irrevocable trust, intended to qualify for the federal gift tax exclusion as a gift of a present interest under Section 2503(b) or 2503(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 1 or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time, nor the trustee of a trust providing for payment of all income therefrom to the life beneficiary, including a QTIP trust, may under any circumstances invest or reinvest in unproductive, underproductive or non-income-producing property, or acquire any life insurance, endowments or annuities unless explicitly so authorized in the trust instrument.
(4) Invest Without Diversification. To make investments which cause a greater proportion of the total property held by the fiduciary to be invested in investments of one kind than would be considered appropriate for the fiduciary apart from this provision.
(5) Exercise Stock Options. To exercise any stock options owned by the testator or settlor at the testator's or settlor's death or acquired by or held in any trust, to borrow money and pledge any assets, including stock acquired by the exercise thereof, to obtain funds for the exercise thereof, to retain any stock purchased by the exercise of such options for such time as the fiduciary deems advisable, and to exercise all other powers in respect of such stock as though such stock formed a part of the estate at the time of death or a part of any trust.
(6) Pay Taxes and Expenses. To pay taxes; to pay calls, assessments and any other sums chargeable or accruing against or on account of shares of stock, debentures or other corporate securities in the hands of a fiduciary, whenever such payment may be legally enforceable against the fiduciary or any property of the estate or trust, or if the fiduciary deems payment expedient and for the best interests of the estate or trust; to pay for repairs and other expenses incurred in the management, collection, care, administration and protection of the trust or estate including fiduciary compensation and attorneys' fees.
(7) Receive Property. To receive any property, real or personal, from any source and administer such property as a portion of any appropriate trust or estate under the management of the fiduciary. The fiduciary, in its sole discretion, and at the expense of the trust or estate, may inspect, investigate, cause to be inspected or cause to be investigated, property that the fiduciary has been asked to hold or that would in any way be an addition to the estate or trust, or property owned or operated by an entity in which the fiduciary has been asked to hold an interest, for the purpose of determining the potential application of any federal, state, local or foreign environmental law, rule or regulation to such property. The taking of any action under this subdivision is not evidence that the fiduciary has accepted any addition to the estate or trust.
(8) Borrow Money. To borrow money and to assume indebtedness for such periods of time and upon such terms and conditions as to rates, maturities, renewals, and security as the fiduciary shall deem advisable, including the powers of a corporate fiduciary to borrow from its own banking department, for the purpose of paying debts, taxes, administration expenses, or other charges against the estate or any trust, or any part thereof, and to mortgage, pledge or otherwise encumber such portion of the estate or any trust as may be required to secure such loan or loans, and to renew existing loans either as maker or endorser.
(9) Vote Shares. To vote shares of stock owned by the estate or owned by any trust at stockholders' meetings in person or by special, limited, or general proxy, with or without power of substitution.
(10) Register in Name of Nominee. To hold any investment in the name of a nominee or in any form in which title will pass by delivery, but the fiduciary shall be liable for any act of the nominee in connection with the investment so held. Any corporation or its transfer agent may presume conclusively that the nominee is the actual owner of securities submitted for transfer.
(11) Use of Private Nominees. To form a general or limited partnership or partnerships under any name or names of the fiduciary's selection for the purpose of taking and holding title to all or any of the assets comprising the estate or trust property and for becoming the named beneficiary of any or all of the insurance policies therein; such partnership or partnerships shall have the power to deposit, withdraw, sell, loan, mortgage, lease, assign, convey, exchange, transfer or deal with such estate or trust property in all ways permitted to the fiduciary and to take any such action over the signature of only one partner or of the partnership itself; and any broker, bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, and any corporation or its transfer agent or registrar may presume conclusively that said partnership or partnerships are the actual owners of the bank deposits, savings and loan shares and securities registered in their names and submitted for transfer or reregistration.
(12) Take and Exercise Options, Rights and Privileges. To take options for acquisition of property, to exercise all options, rights, and privileges to convert stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, mortgages, or other property into other stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, mortgages, or other property; to subscribe for other or additional stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, mortgages, or other property; and to hold such stocks, bonds, debentures, notes, mortgages, or other property so acquired as investments of the estate or trust so long as the fiduciary shall deem advisable.
(13) Participate in Reorganizations. To unite with other owners of property similar to any which may be held at any time in the decedent's estate or in any trusts in carrying out any plan for the consolidation or merger, dissolution or liquidation, foreclosure, lease or sale of the property; incorporation or reincorporation, acquisition, recapitalization, reorganization or readjustment of the capital or financial structure of any corporation, company or association the securities of which may form any portion of an estate or trust; to become and serve as a member of a stockholders' or bondholders' protective committee; to deposit securities in accordance with any plan agreed upon; to pay any assessments, expenses, or sums of money that may be required for the protection or furtherance of the interest of the distributees of an estate or beneficiaries of any trust with reference to any such plan; and to receive as investments of any estate or any trust any securities issued as a result of the execution of such plan.
(14) Renew and Extend Obligations. To continue any obligation, whether secured or unsecured, upon and after maturity with a renewal or extension upon such terms as the fiduciary shall deem advisable, without regard to the value of the security, if any, at the time of such continuance, even though such continuance may extend beyond the period of the estate or of any trust.
(15) Foreclose and Bid in. To foreclose, as an incident to the collection of any bond, note or other obligation, any mortgage, deed of trust, or other lien securing such bond, note or other obligation, and to bid in the property at such foreclosure sale, or to acquire the property by deed from the mortgagor or obligor without foreclosure; and to retain the property so bid in or taken over without foreclosure.
(16) Insure. To carry such insurance coverage, including, but not limited to, public liability, fire, rent, title or casualty insurance for such hazards and in such amounts, either in stock companies or in mutual companies, as the fiduciary shall deem advisable. A fiduciary or a fiduciary's employee who is a director of any corporation, more than nineteen per cent of whose stock is held by the estate or any trust, may use estate or trust assets to purchase and pay premiums on insurance to indemnify himself or herself from liability resulting from acting with conflicting interests and from other acts in his or her capacity as a director.
(17) Collect. To collect, receive and give receipts for rents, issues, profits, and income of an estate or trust.
(18) Litigate, Compromise or Abandon. To compromise, adjust, arbitrate, sue on or defend, abandon, or otherwise deal with and settle claims in favor of or against the estate or trust as the fiduciary shall deem advisable, and the fiduciary's decision shall be conclusive between the fiduciary and the beneficiaries of the estate or trust in the absence of fraud, bad faith or gross negligence of the fiduciary. No beneficiary serving as a cofiduciary and no settlor serving as a fiduciary or cofiduciary may participate in any decision as to claims between him and the estate or trust. Any claim by a settlor or beneficiary serving as a cofiduciary shall be determined only by the other cofiduciary.
(19) Employ and Compensate Agents, etc. To employ and compensate persons deemed by the fiduciary needful to advise or assist in the proper settlement of the estate or administration of any trust including, but not limited to: Servants, agents, accountants, brokers, attorneys-at-law, attorneys-in-fact, real estate managers, rental agents, realtors, appraisers, and investment counsel, custodians and other professional advisors as reasonably may be required or desired in managing, protecting and investing the estate or any trusts without liability for any neglect, omission, misconduct, or default of such person provided such person was selected and retained with due care on the part of the fiduciary. If investment counsel is selected, which at the time of selection has a reputation in its community for competence and fair dealing, its selection and retention shall be considered as having been made with due care, provided the fiduciary continues to retain such counsel only so long as such counsel maintains such reputation. Under such circumstances, the fiduciary shall have no investment responsibility whatever and may act without independent investigation upon the recommendations of any such person, without liability for any neglect, omission, misconduct, or default of such person.
(20) Acquire and Hold Property of Two or More Trusts Undivided. To acquire, receive, hold and retain the principal of several trusts created by a single instrument undivided until division shall become necessary in order to make a distribution; to hold, manage, invest, reinvest, and account for the several shares or parts of shares by appropriate entries in the fiduciary's books of account, and to allocate to each share or part of share its proportionate part of all receipts and expenses; provided, that the provisions of this subdivision shall not defer the vesting in possession of any share or part of share of the estate or trust.
(21) Distribute in Cash or Kind. To make distribution of assets of the estate or trust in kind or in cash, or partially in kind and partially in cash, in divided or undivided interests, provided shares may be composed differently and specific assets may be allocated to particular distributions; to make such distribution either upon final distribution or during one or more preliminary distributions, at the then current values, as the fiduciary finds to be most practicable and for the best interests of the distributees; and to make reasonable determinations of said values for the purpose of making distribution if there is more than one distributee thereof, which determination shall be binding upon the distributees, provided no settlor serving as a fiduciary of an irrevocable trust and no beneficiary serving as a fiduciary of any trust shall have such power.
(22) Pay to or for Minors or Incompetent Persons. To make payments in money or in property, to or for a minor or incompetent person in any one or more of the following ways: (A) To such minor or incompetent person directly, if the fiduciary in its sole and absolute discretion deems such payment advisable; (B) to apply directly in payment for the support, maintenance, education, and medical, surgical, hospital, or other institutional care of such minor or incompetent person; (C) to the legal or natural guardian of such minor or conservator of such incompetent person; (D) to any other person, whether or not appointed guardian of the person or conservator by any court, who shall, in fact have the care and custody of the person of such minor or incompetent person. The fiduciary shall not be under any duty to see to the application of the payments so made and the receipt by such person shall be full acquittance to the fiduciary.
(23) Determine Income and Principal Questions. To determine in accordance with applicable law, where not otherwise provided by Connecticut's Principal and Income Act, 2 all questions with respect to the manner in which expenses and charges, including the fiduciary's compensation as such, are to be borne and receipts are to be credited as between principal and income.
(24) Capital Gain from Mutual Funds. The fiduciary is directed to allocate to principal all distributions representing capital gains received from the sale of securities held by regulated investment companies, real estate investment trusts or mutual funds owned by the trust.
(25) Manage Real Property. (A) To improve, manage, protect, develop, acquire and make additions to, exchange, and abandon any real property or any interest therein; (B) to dedicate to public use or, where legally permissible, to withdraw from such dedication, parks, streets, highways, or alleys; (C) to subdivide or resubdivide any real property; (D) to borrow money for the purposes authorized by this subdivision for such periods of time and upon such terms and conditions as to rates, maturities and renewals as the fiduciary shall deem advisable and to mortgage or otherwise encumber any such property or part thereof, whether in possession or reversion; (E) to lease or sublease any such property or part thereof to commence at the present or in the future, upon such terms and conditions, including options to renew or purchase, and for such period or periods of time as the fiduciary deems advisable, although such period or periods may extend beyond the duration of the trust or the administration of the estate involved; (F) to make gravel, sand, oil, gas and other mineral leases, subleases, contracts, licenses, conveyances or grants of every nature and kind which are lawful in the jurisdiction in which such property lies or to employ an ancillary fiduciary or fiduciaries so to act; (G) to manage and improve timber and forests on such property, to sell the timber and forest products, and to make grants, leases, and contracts with respect thereto; (H) to make, modify, renew or extend leases and subleases as lessor or lessee; (I) to employ agents to rent and collect rents; (J) to grant and create easements and release, convey, or assign any right, title, or interest with respect to any easement on real property or part thereof and enter into party wall agreements; (K) to erect, make repairs, replacements or improvements, structural or otherwise, or to renovate any building or other improvement on real property, and to alter, raze, remove or demolish any building or other improvement in whole or part; (L) to survey, partition, and adjust boundaries; and to make plats of any real property; and (M) to deal with any such property and every part thereof in all other ways and for such other purposes or considerations as would be lawful for any person owning the same.
(26) Deal with Other Trusts. In dealing with one or more other trusts, the fiduciary may sell property, real, personal or mixed to, or exchange property with, the trustee of any trust which the testator or the settlor or the spouse or any child of the testator or settlor has created, for such estates and upon such terms and conditions as to sale price, terms of payment, and security as the fiduciary shall deem advisable, and no fiduciary shall have any duty to follow the proceeds of any such sale, provided a fiduciary who is the settlor of an irrevocable trust or a fiduciary who is a spouse or child of the settlor or testator, whether or not the trust is irrevocable, shall not have such power, nor shall a fiduciary who is also a beneficiary of another trust have any such power to deal with the trust of which the fiduciary is a beneficiary.
(27) Make Advances. In its sole and absolute discretion and without in any way being required so to do, to advance money for the protection of the trust or estate, and for all expenses, losses and liabilities sustained in the administration of the trust or estate or because of the holding or ownerships of any trust or estate assets, for which advances and any interest thereon the fiduciary shall have a lien on the assets of the trust or estate as against a beneficiary, and in its sole and absolute discretion and without in any way being required so to do, to advance, without provision for reimbursement, cash to the executor of the will or administrator of the estate of the testator or settlor or of his or her spouse if there are insufficient liquid assets to pay debts, taxes or administration expenses of the decedent, or of his or her deceased spouse.
(28) Maintain Reserves. To maintain reasonable reserves for depreciation, depletion, other than percentage depletion, and for amortization, and obsolescence.
(29) Make Contracts and Execute Instruments; No Duty of Inquiry. To make contracts and to execute instruments, under seal or otherwise, as may be necessary in the exercise of the powers herein granted. No party dealing with a fiduciary need inquire as to the existence or proper exercise of any power of such fiduciary, whether said power is granted directly or incorporated by reference.
(30) Perform Decedent's Executory Contracts. The fiduciary may in its discretion, complete performance of the decedent's valid executory contracts which, at the time of the decedent's death, had not been fully performed.
(31) Use of Property by Distributee. During the administration of the testator's estate, the fiduciary shall have the discretion to permit any beneficiary to have the use, possession, and enjoyment, without charge, of any real estate or tangible personal property devised, bequeathed or ultimately distributable to the beneficiary, so long as the beneficiary lives, and if the beneficiary dies before his or her right to such property becomes absolute or before such property is distributed to the beneficiary, neither the beneficiary nor his or her estate shall be held liable for any loss, destruction, damage, depreciation or waste of such property except through his or her fault or neglect. Neither the existence nor exercise of this power shall be deemed a constructive or actual distribution of the property to which it relates.
(32) Continue Business. To the extent and upon such terms and conditions and for such periods of time as the fiduciary shall deem necessary or advisable, to continue or participate in the operation of any business or other enterprise, whatever its form or organization, including, but not limited to, the power: (A) To effect incorporation, dissolution, merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of the assets, either for cash or in exchange for stock or other securities, or to make other changes in the form of the organization of the business or enterprise, and to diminish, enlarge or change the scope of nature or nature of any business; (B) to dispose of any interest therein or acquire the interest of others therein; (C) to contribute thereto or invest therein additional capital or to lend money thereto, in any such case upon such terms and conditions as the fiduciary shall approve from time to time, except that a settlor of an irrevocable trust who is serving as a fiduciary thereof shall not have this power; (D) to determine whether the liabilities incurred in the conduct of the business are to be chargeable solely to the part of the estate or trust set aside for use in the business or to the estate or trust as a whole, but such allocation shall be done in accordance with applicable law; (E) to control, direct and manage the business, delegate all or any part of the fiduciary's power to supervise and operate to such person or persons as the fiduciary may select, including any associate, partner, officer or employee of the business; (F) to hire and discharge officers and employees, to fix their compensation and define their duties; and to employ, compensate and discharge agents, attorneys, consultants, accountants and such other representatives as the fiduciary may deem appropriate, including the right to employ any beneficiary, or individual fiduciary, in any of the foregoing capacities; (G) to pledge other assets of the estate or trust as security for loans made to such business; (H) to retain in the business such amount of the net earnings for working capital and other purposes of the business as the fiduciary may deem advisable in conformity with sound business practice, provided such retention does not impair any right of a beneficiary to receive all income from the beneficiary's share of any trust; (I) to purchase, process and sell merchandise of every kind and description; (J) to purchase and sell machinery and equipment, furniture and fixtures and supplies of all kinds; (K) to sell or liquidate all or any part of any business at such time and price and upon such terms and conditions, including credit, as the fiduciary may determine, including a sale to any partner, officer or employee of the business or to any individual fiduciary as beneficiary hereunder, provided any such sale shall be for adequate and full consideration and no such sale shall be made to an individual fiduciary who is also a beneficiary thereunder; (L) to invest other estate or trust funds in such business; and to loan funds from the trust to such business; and (M) in all cases in which the fiduciary is required to furnish statements to beneficiaries or to file accounts in any court or in any other public office, it shall not be necessary to itemize business receipts and disbursements and distributions of property but it shall be sufficient for the fiduciary to show in the account a single figure or consolidation of figures, and the fiduciary shall be permitted to account for money and property received from the business and any payments made to the business in lump sum without itemization.
(33) Appoint Ancillary Fiduciaries. The fiduciary may itself act or it may select one or more persons or corporations to act as an ancillary fiduciary or fiduciaries and, to the extent permitted by applicable law, all of the powers held by the domiciliary fiduciary are hereby granted to the ancillary fiduciary or fiduciaries and all costs of ancillary administration may be paid from either the domiciliary estate or trust or the ancillary estate or trust, as the fiduciary may decide in its sole discretion.
(34) Postpone Distribution and Accounting. To postpone distribution and accounting with respect to any trust for a year from the date of the termination of the trust, if in the judgment of the fiduciary such postponement shall be necessary or advisable.
(35) (A) Alternate Valuation Date. The fiduciary may elect to value the estate for tax purposes at the values of its assets on the date of decedent's death or at those values on an estate tax valuation date other than the date of the decedent's death, whether or not such election increases or decreases the federal estate tax. No adjustments shall be required to be made between income and principal or between the property interests passing to any beneficiaries which may be affected as a result of such election. (B) Administration and Other Expenses. To the extent permitted by law, the fiduciary may elect to claim certain administration expenses, casualty losses, medical and other expenses as deductions either on the income tax returns of the estate or of the decedent or on the federal estate tax return or partly on each. The fiduciary shall elect to claim from time to time such expenses as deductions on the particular tax returns which in the fiduciary's opinion should result in the lowest total taxes being paid by the estate and its beneficiaries, regardless of whether such expenses may be payable from the income or principal of such estate, and the fiduciary is not required to make adjustments between income or principal or between the property interests passing to any beneficiaries which may be affected on account of such election, except that (i) where one or more residuary legatees of a will containing a so-called preresiduary marital deduction formula provision is a charitable organization, as defined in Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 3 or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time, or any corresponding provision of applicable revenue laws, in effect at the date of the death of the testator of a will incorporating sections 45a-233 to 45a-236, inclusive, and (ii) the fiduciary elects to treat such expenses in whole or in part as income tax deductions with the result that federal estate taxes paid from and chargeable to such principal are greater than if the contrary election had been made, an amount equal to the difference in such estate taxes shall be reimbursed to such principal from the income. (C) Joint Returns. The fiduciary is specifically authorized but not required to execute and file a joint income tax return with the surviving spouse or his or her executor or administrator for the year of the decedent's death and for any prior years. The fiduciary is also authorized but not required to execute and file a gift tax return with the decedent's spouse or his or her executor or administrator, if any gift tax return is required of either the decedent or his or her spouse for any quarter in the year in which death occurs or for any quarter or year prior thereto. The fiduciary is authorized but not required to consent to treat any gifts made by such decedent's spouse as being made one-half by the decedent. The fiduciary may pay such income and gift taxes as are chargeable to the decedent and, in its discretion, may pay the entire amount of such taxes. The fiduciary shall incur no personal liability for any action taken by it in good faith in accordance with any of the foregoing authorizations. (D) Installment Payment of Estate Taxes. The fiduciary is authorized in its discretion to elect to pay all or any part of the federal estate tax on the estate in installments under the provisions of Section 6166 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 4 or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time, or any corresponding provision of applicable revenue laws. (E) Request for Extension of Time for Paying Estate Tax. The fiduciary is authorized in its discretion to request an extension of time for paying the federal estate tax, or any installment thereof on the estate or any amounts determined as a deficiency thereon under the provisions of Section 6161 or 6163 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 5 or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time. (F) Election of Special Use Valuation. The fiduciary is authorized to make all elections with respect to valuations authorized by Section 2032A and related sections of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 6 or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time. (G) Pension and profit-sharing plans. To elect, either revocably or irrevocably, to receive death benefits and any other sums payable with respect to any pension and profit-sharing plans in a lump sum, in installments or as an annuity; to waive the benefit of any income averaging provisions available for distributions from pension and profit-sharing plans; to elect a different mode of distribution with respect to each applicable pension and profit-sharing plan. The term, “pension and profit-sharing plan”, includes any pension, profit-sharing, thrift, stock purchase, or bonus plan as well as any so called “Keogh” plans and individual retirement accounts. A decedent's spouse, if acting as a fiduciary, shall take no part in the exercise of any election under any pension or profit-sharing plan. (H) In making any of the elections authorized in subparagraph (D), (E), (F) or (G) of this subdivision, the fiduciary is authorized to take all action it deems necessary to implement said elections without incurring personal liability for any action taken or omitted by it in good faith under said authorization.
(36) Surrender of Stock for Redemption. The fiduciary is authorized in its discretion to surrender shares of stock in any corporation to the corporation issuing such stock for redemption, accepting in payment for the redeemed shares cash, notes or other property; and to vote the shares of stock of any corporation in favor of the redemption of shares of its stock included in determining the gross estate of a decedent, either for cash, notes or other property, including a redemption of such shares designed to provide funds for the payment of the decedent's death taxes, funeral expenses and administration expenses under the provisions of Section 303 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time, or any corresponding provision of applicable revenue laws and the fiduciary shall incur no personal liability for any action taken or omitted by it in good faith in accordance with any of the foregoing authorizations.
(37) Pooling Agreements and Voting Trusts. To enter into any kind of pooling agreements and voting trusts, even though such action may involve delegation of authority.
(38) Exculpation. The fiduciary is hereby exonerated from any liability resulting from its retention, sale or operation, whether due to losses, depreciation in value or actions taken or omitted to be taken with respect to any business, farm or real estate interests held in an estate or trust, nor shall the fiduciary be liable for any loss to or depreciation of any other estate or trust property, so long as it is acting in good faith in the management thereof and exercising reasonable care and diligence, but the fiduciary is not exonerated from the fiduciary's own bad faith, wilful misconduct or gross negligence.
(39) Deal with Environmental Hazards. To take any reasonable action and expend any reasonable amount from the estate or trust that the fiduciary deems advisable for the purposes of complying with or ensuring compliance with any federal, state, local or foreign environmental law, rule or regulation, including, but not limited to, the following powers:
(A) To conduct or authorize investigations, tests, audits, assessments or other actions or inquiries with respect to any real property for the purposes of determining compliance with any federal, state, local or foreign environmental law, rule or regulation, or any requirement or demand of any governmental authority;
(B) To review periodically or require the inspection of any and all property held in the estate or trust for the purpose of determining compliance with any law, rule or regulation affecting such property;
(C) To take any reasonable remedial action, to contain, clean up or remove any actual or threatened environmental hazard, including a spill, release, discharge or contamination, to conduct site restoration work on any real property and to notify the appropriate federal, state or local authorities either on its own accord or in response to an actual or threatened violation of any environmental law, rule or regulation;
(D) To institute legal proceedings or make claims or demands concerning environmental hazards, contamination or conditions, and to contest, pay, compromise, settle or comply with legal proceedings, claims, demands, orders, penalties, fines and damages brought by any federal, state, local or foreign governmental authorities concerned with environmental compliance, or by a private litigant. The powers under this subdivision shall apply with respect to any real property owned or operated by the decedent, the estate or the trust, or in which the fiduciary, in its fiduciary capacity, has any actual or potential ownership or management responsibility, including real property owned or operated by any entity in which the fiduciary has an ownership or management interest. The fiduciary is further authorized to reimburse itself or any other designated fiduciary, that may have declined or been unable to serve for any reason, for reasonable expenses incurred prior to its appointment for the purposes enumerated in this subdivision.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Connecticut General Statutes Title 45A. Probate Courts and Procedure § 45a-234. Powers - last updated June 28, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ct/title-45a-probate-courts-and-procedure/ct-gen-st-sect-45a-234.html
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