Colorado Revised Statutes Title 16. Criminal Proceedings § 16-4-101. Bailable offenses--definitions

(1) All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties except:

(a) For capital offenses when proof is evident or presumption is great;  or

(b) When, after a hearing held within ninety-six hours of arrest and upon reasonable notice, the court finds that the proof is evident or the presumption is great as to the crime alleged to have been committed and finds that the public would be placed in significant peril if the accused were released on bail and such person is accused in any of the following cases:

(I) A crime of violence alleged to have been committed while on probation or parole resulting from the conviction of a crime of violence;

(II) A crime of violence alleged to have been committed while on bail pending the disposition of a previous crime of violence charge for which probable cause has been found;

(III) A crime of violence alleged to have been committed after two previous felony convictions, or one such previous felony conviction if such conviction was for a crime of violence, upon charges separately brought and tried under the laws of this state or under the laws of any other state, the United States, or any territory subject to the jurisdiction of the United States which, if committed in this state, would be a felony;

(IV) A crime of possession of a weapon by a previous offender alleged to have been committed in violation of section 18-12-108(2)(b) , (2)(c) , (4)(b) , (4)(c) , or (5), C.R.S .;

(V) Sexual assault, as described in section 18-3-402 , sexual assault in the first degree, as described in section 18-3-402 , as it existed prior to July 1, 2000, sexual assault in the second degree, as described in section 18-3-403 , as it existed prior to July 1, 2000, sexual assault on a child, as described in section 18-3-405 , or sexual assault on a child by one in a position of trust, as described in section 18-3-405.3 in which the victim is fourteen years of age or younger and seven or more years younger than the accused.

(c) When a person has been convicted of a crime of violence or a crime of possession of a weapon by a previous offender, as described in section 18-12-108(2)(b) , (2)(c) , (4)(b) , (4)(c) , or (5), C.R.S ., at the trial court level and such person is appealing such conviction or awaiting sentencing for such conviction and the court finds that the public would be placed in significant peril if the convicted person were released on bail.

(2) For purposes of this section, “crime of violence” shall have the same meaning as set forth in section 18-1.3-406(2), C.R.S .

(3) In any capital case, the defendant may make a written motion for admission to bail upon the ground that the proof is not evident or that presumption is not great, and the court shall promptly conduct a hearing upon such motion.  At such hearing, the burden shall be upon the people to establish that the proof is evident or that the presumption is great.  The court may combine in a single hearing the questions as to whether the proof is evident or the presumption great with the determination of the existence of probable cause to believe that the defendant committed the crime charged.

(4) Except in the case of a capital offense, if a person is denied bail under this section, the trial of the person shall be commenced not more than ninety-one days after the date on which bail is denied.  If the trial is not commenced within ninety-one days and the delay is not attributable to the defense, the court shall immediately schedule a bail hearing and shall set the amount of the bail for the person.

(5) When a person is arrested for a crime of violence, as defined in section 16-1-104(8.5) , or a criminal offense alleging the use or possession of a deadly weapon or the causing of bodily injury to another person, or a criminal offense alleging the possession of a weapon by a previous offender, as described in section 18-12-108(2)(b) , (2)(c) , (4)(b) , (4)(c) , or (5), C.R.S ., and such person is on parole, the law enforcement agency making the arrest shall notify the department of corrections within twenty-four hours.  The person so arrested shall not be eligible for bail to be set until at least seventy-two hours from the time of his or her arrest has passed.


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