Colorado Revised Statutes Title 12 Professions and Occupations § 12-36-135 Injuries to be reported--penalty for failure to report--immunity from liability




(1)(a)(I) Every licensee who attends or treats any of the following injuries shall report the injury at once to the police of the city, town, or city and county or the sheriff of the county in which the licensee is located:

(A) A bullet wound, a gunshot wound, a powder burn, or any other injury arising from the discharge of a firearm, or an injury caused by a knife, an ice pick, or any other sharp or pointed instrument that the licensee believes to have been intentionally inflicted upon a person;

(B) An injury arising from a dog bite that the licensee believes was inflicted upon a person by a dangerous dog, as defined in section 18-9-204.5(2)(b), C.R.S .;  or

(C) Any other injury that the licensee has reason to believe involves a criminal act, including injuries resulting from domestic violence.

(II) Any licensee who fails to make a report as required by this section commits a class 2 petty offense, as defined by section 18-1.3-503, C.R.S ., and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than ninety days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

(b)(I) When a licensee or nurse performs a medical forensic examination that includes the collection of evidence at the request of a victim of sexual assault, the licensee's or nurse's employing medical facility shall, with the consent of the victim of the sexual assault, make one of the following reports to law enforcement:

(A) A law enforcement report if a victim wishes to obtain a medical forensic examination with evidence collection and at the time of the medical forensic examination chooses to participate in the criminal justice system;

(B) A medical report if a victim wishes to obtain a medical forensic examination with evidence collection but at the time of the medical forensic examination chooses not to participate in the criminal justice system.  The licensee or nurse shall collect such evidence and victim identifying information, and the employing medical facility shall release the evidence and information to law enforcement for testing in accordance with section 24-33.5-113(1)(b)(III), C.R.S ., and storage in accordance with section 18-3-407.5(3)(c), C.R.S .

(C) An anonymous report if a victim wishes to obtain a medical forensic examination with evidence collection but at the time of the medical forensic examination chooses not to have personal identifying information provided to law enforcement or to participate in the criminal justice system.  The licensee or nurse shall collect such evidence, and the employing medical facility shall release it to law enforcement for storage in accordance with section 18-3-407.5(3)(c), C.R.S .  Law enforcement shall receive no identifying information for the victim.  Law enforcement shall assign a unique identifying number to the evidence, and the licensee or nurse shall record the identifying number in the medical record and notify the victim that the identifying number is recorded.  Additionally, the licensee or nurse shall provide the identifying number to the victim.

(II) Nothing in this section:

(A) Prohibits a victim from anonymously speaking to law enforcement about the victim's rights or options prior to determining whether to consent to a report described in this paragraph (b);  or

(B) Requires a licensee, nurse, or medical facility to make a report to law enforcement concerning an alleged sexual assault if medical forensic evidence is not collected.

(III) If the licensee's employing medical facility knows where the alleged sexual assault occurred, the facility shall make the report with the law enforcement agency in whose jurisdiction the crime occurred regarding preservation of the evidence.  If the medical facility does not know where the alleged sexual assault occurred, the facility shall make the report with its local law enforcement agency regarding preservation of the evidence.

(IV) In addition to the report required by subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b) to be filed by the employing medical facility, a licensee who attends or treats any of the injuries described in sub-subparagraph (A) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) of a victim of a sexual assault shall also report the injury to the police or sheriff as required by paragraph (a) of this subsection (1).

(1.5) As used in subsection (1) of this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) “Domestic violence” means an act of violence upon a person with whom the actor is or has been involved in an intimate relationship.  Domestic violence also includes any other crime against a person or any municipal ordinance violation against a person when used as a method of coercion, control, punishment, intimidation, or revenge directed against a person with whom the actor is or has been involved in an intimate relationship.

(b) “Intimate relationship” means a relationship between spouses, former spouses, past or present unmarried couples, or persons who are both the parents of the same child regardless of whether the persons have been married or have lived together at any time.

(2) Any licensee who, in good faith, makes a report pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall have immunity from any liability, civil or criminal, that might otherwise be incurred or imposed with respect to the making of such report, and shall have the same immunity with respect to participation in any judicial proceeding resulting from such report.

(3) Any licensee who makes a report pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall not be subject to the physician-patient relationship described in section 13-90-107(1)(d), C.R.S ., as to the medical examination and diagnosis.  Such licensee may be examined as a witness, but not as to any statements made by the patient that are the subject matter of section 13-90-107(1)(d), C.R.S .





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