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(a) If a person discovers that an application in their name for a loan, credit line or account, credit card, charge card, public utility service, mail receiving or forwarding service, office or desk space rental service, or commercial mobile radio service has been filed with any person or entity by an unauthorized person, or that an account in their name has been opened with a bank, trust company, savings association, credit union, public utility, mail receiving or forwarding service, office or desk space rental service, or commercial mobile radio service provider by an unauthorized person, then, upon presenting to the person or entity with which the application was filed or the account was opened a copy of a police report prepared pursuant to Section 530.6or a copy of a signed and submitted Federal Trade Commission (FTC) identity theft report and identifying information in the categories of information that the unauthorized person used to complete the application or to open the account, the person, or a law enforcement officer specified by the person, shall be entitled to receive information related to the application or account, including a copy of the unauthorized person's application or application information and a record of transactions or charges associated with the application or account. Upon request by the person in whose name the application was filed or in whose name the account was opened, the person or entity with which the application was filed shall inform them of the categories of identifying information that the unauthorized person used to complete the application or to open the account. The person or entity with which the application was filed or the account was opened shall provide copies of all paper records, records of telephone applications or authorizations, or records of electronic applications or authorizations required by this section, without charge, within 10 business days of receipt of the person's request and submission of the required copy of the police report or Federal Trade Commission (FTC) identity theft report and identifying information.
(b) Any request made pursuant to subdivision (a) to a person or entity subject to the provisions of Section 2891 of the Public Utilities Code shall be in writing and the requesting person shall be deemed to be the subscriber for purposes of that section.
(c)(1) Before a person or entity provides copies to a law enforcement officer pursuant to subdivision (a), the person or entity may require the requesting person to submit a signed and dated statement by which the requesting person does all of the following:
(A) Authorizes disclosure for a stated period.
(B) Specifies the name of the agency or department to which the disclosure is authorized.
(C) Identifies the types of records that the requesting person authorizes to be disclosed.
(2) The person or entity shall include in the statement to be signed by the requesting person a notice that the requesting person has the right at any time to revoke the authorization.
(d)(1) A failure to produce records pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be addressed by the court in the jurisdiction in which the victim resides or in which the request for information was issued. At the victim's request, the Attorney General, the district attorney, or the prosecuting city attorney may file a petition to compel the attendance of the person or entity in possession of the records, as described in subdivision (a), and order the production of the requested records to the court. The petition shall contain a declaration from the victim stating when the request for information was made, that the information requested was not provided, and what response, if any, was made by the person or entity. The petition shall also contain copies of the police report prepared pursuant to Section 530.6or the FTC identity theft report and the request for information made pursuant to this section upon the person or entity in possession of the records, as described in subdivision (a), and these two documents shall be kept confidential by the court. The petition and copies of the police report or the FTC identity theft report and the application shall be served upon the person or entity in possession of the records, as described in subdivision (a). The court shall hold a hearing on the petition no later than 10 court days after the petition is served and filed. The court shall order the release of records to the victim as required pursuant to this section.
(2) In addition to any other civil remedy available, the victim may bring a civil action against the entity for damages, injunctive relief, or other equitable relief, and a penalty of one hundred dollars ($100) per day of noncompliance, plus reasonable attorney's fees.
(e) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) “Application” means a new application for credit or service, the addition of authorized users to an existing account, the renewal of an existing account, or any other changes made to an existing account.
(2) “Commercial mobile radio service” means “commercial mobile radio service” as defined in Section 20.3 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(3) “Law enforcement officer” means a peace officer as defined by Section 830.1.
(4) “Person” means a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, company, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - California Code, Penal Code - PEN § 530.8 - last updated January 01, 2019 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/penal-code/pen-sect-530-8.html
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