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For purposes of this title, and for purposes of all other state law unless an explicit provision of law or the context clearly requires a different meaning, the following shall apply:
(a)??Hate crime? means a criminal act committed, in whole or in part, because of one or more of the following actual or perceived characteristics of the victim:
(4)?Race or ethnicity.
(7)?Association with a person or group with one or more of these actual or perceived characteristics.
(b)??Hate crime? includes, but is not limited to, a violation of Section 422.6.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - California Code, Penal Code - PEN § 422.55 - last updated January 01, 2019 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ca/penal-code/pen-sect-422-55.html
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