California Code, Health and Safety Code - HSC § 122350

As used in this act, the following definitions apply:

(a) “Adequate space” means sufficient height and sufficient floorspace for the animals to stand up, sit down, turn about freely using normal body movements without the head touching the top of the primary enclosure, lie down with limbs outstretched, exercise normal postural movement, move about freely as appropriate for the species, age, size, and condition of the animal, and, when appropriate, to experience socialization with other animals, if any, in the primary enclosure.  However, when freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal in a humane manner is permitted.

(b) “Animal” means any nonhuman vertebrate species housed, offered for sale or adoption, or both, in the pet store, including, but not limited to, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and also invertebrates housed, sold, or adopted as pets.

(c) “Disposition” means the transfer of an animal from a pet store to another location, including the sale or adoption of the animal, the return of the animal to the person who supplied the animal to the pet store, or removal from the pet store of an animal that is deceased for any reason, including euthanasia.

(d) “Enrichment” means providing objects or activities, appropriate to the needs of the species, as well as the age, size, and condition of the animal, that stimulate the animal and promote the animal's well-being.

(e) “Euthanasia” or “euthanize” means the humane destruction of an animal in compliance with the requirements set forth in paragraph (5) of subdivision (b) of Section 122354 .

(f) “Impervious to moisture” means a surface that prevents the absorption of fluids and that can be thoroughly and repeatedly sanitized, will not retain odors, and from which fluids bead up and run off or can be removed without being absorbed into the surface material.

(g) “Intact” means an animal that retains its sexual organs or ability to procreate and has not been sterilized.

(h) “Person” means an individual, partnership, firm, joint-stock company, corporation, association, trust, estate, or other legal entity.

(i) “Pet store” means a retail establishment open to the public and selling or offering for sale animals, including, but not limited to, animals for use as pets or animals intended as food for other animals.  “Pet store” does not include a retail establishment open to the public and selling or offering for sale animals to agricultural operations for purposes that are directly related to the raising of livestock or poultry on a farm or ranch.  A person who sells, exchanges, or otherwise transfers only animals that were bred or raised, or both, by the person, or sells or otherwise transfers only animals kept primarily for reproduction, shall be considered a breeder and not a pet store.

(j) “Pet store operator” or “operator” means a person who owns or operates a pet store, or both.

(k) “Primary enclosure” means a structure used to immediately restrict an animal or animals to a limited amount of space, such as a room, pen, cage, aquarium, terrarium, habitat compartment, or hutch, where the animal or animals reside until their sale, transfer, or other disposition.

(l) “Rodent” means an animal of the order Rodentia, such as a guinea pig, rat, mouse, chinchilla, or hamster.

(m) “Sanitize” means to make physically clean and to destroy, to the extent practical, agents injurious to health.

(n) “Temporary enclosure” means a confined space used by the pet store to house an animal when the animal is not in its primary enclosure for a period not to exceed four consecutive hours.  The temporary enclosure shall allow the animals to stand up, lie down, and turn around.  An enclosure used by the pet store to house an animal for longer than four consecutive hours shall meet the requirements of a primary enclosure.

(o) “Time of sale” means the calendar date the retail purchaser removes the animal from the premises of the pet store following the retail sale of that animal.

(p) “Transfer” means the release of an animal by its owner to another person by sale, gift, adoption, or other disposition, including the exchange of animals between pet stores.

(q) “Veterinary treatment” means treatment by or at the direction of a California-licensed veterinarian.


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