In this article:
(a) “Appropriate licensee business” means the business that a licensee may conduct in accordance with the charter or license that the commissioner has issued to that licensee.
(b) “Customer” means a depositor of a bank, a member of a credit union, or a customer of any other licensee.
(c) “Holding company” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 1280 .
(d) “Officer of a subject institution” means any director, officer, official, or employee of the subject institution.
(e) “Person” means a subject institution or a subject person.
(f) “Subject institution” means any of the following:
(2) Subsidiary of a licensee.
(3) Foreign (other state) or foreign (other nation) bank or credit union that maintains an office in this state, with respect to any such office other than a national bank or federal credit union.
(4) Any other person lawfully conducting the business of a bank or credit union in this state other than a national bank or federal credit union.
(g) “Subject person,” when used with respect to a subject institution, means any of the following:
(1) Director, officer, employee, or agent of the subject institution.
(2) Member, consultant, joint venture partner, or other person that participates in the affairs of a subject institution.
(3) Independent contractor, including any attorney, appraiser, or accountant, who knowingly or recklessly participates in any of the following acts if the act caused or is likely to cause more than a minimal financial loss to, or a significant adverse effect on, the subject institution:
(A) A violation of any applicable law, regulation, or order.
(B) A breach of fiduciary duty.
(C) An unsafe or unsound act.
(h) “Violation” includes any act performed, alone or with other persons, for or toward causing, bringing about, participating in, counseling, aiding, or abetting a violation of any applicable statute, regulation, provision of a written order issued by the commissioner, or provision of a written agreement made between the commissioner and a subject institution or subject person.
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