Alabama Code Title 25. Industrial Relations and Labor § 25-4-152
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(a)(1) An individual filing a claim for unemployment compensation shall, at the time of filing such claim, disclose whether or not the individual owes child support obligations as defined under subdivision (7). If any such individual discloses that he or she owes child support obligations, and is determined to be eligible for unemployment compensation, the secretary shall notify the state or local child support enforcement agency enforcing such obligation that the individual has been determined to be eligible for unemployment compensation.
(2) The secretary shall deduct and withhold from any unemployment compensation payable to an individual who owes child support obligations as defined under subdivision (7).
a. The amount specified by the individual to the secretary to be deducted and withheld under this subdivision, if neither paragraph b. nor c. is applicable; or
b. The amount (if any) determined pursuant to an agreement submitted to the secretary under Section 454(20)(B)(i) of the Social Security Act by the state or local child support enforcement agency, unless paragraph c. is applicable; or
c. Any amount otherwise required to be so deducted and withheld from such unemployment compensation pursuant to legal process, as that term is defined in Section 459(i)(5) of the Social Security Act, as amended by Section 362(a) of the Personal and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, properly served upon the secretary.
(3) Any amount deducted and withheld under subdivision (2) shall be paid by the secretary to the appropriate state or local child support enforcement agency.
(4) Any amount deducted and withheld under subdivision (2) shall for all purposes be treated as if it were paid to the individual as unemployment compensation and paid by such individual to the state or local child support enforcement agency in satisfaction of the individual's child support obligations.
(5) For purposes of subdivisions (1) through (4), the term “unemployment compensation” means any compensation payable under this section (including amounts payable by the secretary pursuant to an agreement under any federal law providing for compensation, assistance, or allowances with respect to unemployment).
(6) The provisions of this section shall apply only if appropriate arrangements have been made for reimbursement by the state or local child support enforcement agency for the administrative costs incurred by the secretary under this section which are attributable to child support obligations being enforced by the state or local child support enforcement agency.
(7) The term “child support obligations” is defined for purposes of these provisions as including only obligations which are being enforced pursuant to a plan described in Section 454 of the Social Security Act which has been approved by the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services under Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act.
(8) The term “state or local child support enforcement agency” as used in these provisions means any agency of this state or a political subdivision thereof operating pursuant to a plan as described in subdivision (7).
(b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall become effective for implementation with respect to benefits paid on or after September 25, 1982.
(c)(1) Effective January 1, 1997, and thereafter an individual filing an initial claim for unemployment compensation shall, at the time of filing such claim, be advised that:
a. Unemployment compensation is subject to federal income tax.
b. Requirements exist pertaining to estimated tax payments.
c. The individual may elect to have federal income tax deducted and withheld from the individual's payment of unemployment compensation at the amount specified in the federal Internal Revenue Code.
d. The individual shall be permitted to change a previously elected withholding status one time within a benefit year.
(2) Amounts deducted and withheld from unemployment compensation shall remain in the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund until transferred to the federal taxing authority as a payment of income tax.
(3) The secretary shall follow all procedures specified by the United States Department of Labor and the federal Internal Revenue Service pertaining to the deduction and withholding of income tax.
(4) Amounts shall be deducted and withheld under this section only after amounts are deducted and withheld for any overpayments of unemployment compensation, child support obligations, or any other amounts required to be deducted and withheld under this section.
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