Wyoming Statutes Title 35. Public Health and Safety § 35-7-1049. Forfeitures and seizures generally;  property subject to forfeiture




(a) The following are subject to forfeiture:

(i) All controlled substances which have been manufactured, distributed, dispensed or acquired in violation of this act;

(ii) All raw materials, products, and equipment of any kind which are used, or intended for use, in manufacturing, compounding, processing, delivering, importing, or exporting any controlled substances in violation of this act;

(iii) All property which is used as a container for property described in paragraph (i) or (ii) of this subsection;

(iv) All books, records, and research products and materials, including formulas, microfilm, tapes, and data, which are used, or intended for use, in violation of this act;

(v) All conveyances including aircraft, vehicles or vessels, knowingly used or intended for use to transport or in any manner to knowingly facilitate the transportation for the sale or receipt of property described in paragraph (a)(i) or (ii) of this section may be seized by the commissioner and forfeited to the state pursuant to subsection (e) of this section:

(A) No conveyance used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier is subject to forfeiture under this section unless it appears that the owner or corporate officer is a consenting party or privy to a violation of this act;

(B) No conveyance is subject to forfeiture under this section by reason of any act committed without the knowledge or consent of the owner;

(C) A conveyance is not subject to forfeiture for a violation of W.S. 35-7-1031(c);

(D) A forfeiture of a conveyance encumbered by a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party if he neither had knowledge of nor consented to the act.

(vi) All “drug paraphernalia” as defined by W.S. 35-7-1002(a)(xxvii);

(vii) All buildings knowingly used or intended for use to store, manufacture or distribute property described under paragraphs (a)(i) or (ii) of this section if the owner has knowledge of or gives consent to the act of violation.  A forfeiture of property encumbered by a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party if he did not have knowledge of or give consent to the act;

(viii) Any property or other thing of pecuniary value furnished in exchange for a controlled substance in violation of this act including any proceeds, assets or other property of any kind traceable to the exchange and any money, securities or other negotiable instruments used to facilitate a violation of this act.  Property used or furnished without the consent or knowledge of the owner is not forfeitable under this section to the extent of his interest.

(b) Property subject to forfeiture under this act may be seized by any law enforcement officer of the state upon process issued by any district court or district court commissioner having jurisdiction over the property.  Seizure without process may be made if:

(i) The seizure is incident to an arrest or a search under a search warrant or an inspection under an administrative inspection warrant;

(ii) The property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the state in a criminal, injunction or forfeiture proceeding based upon this act;

(iii) The board or commissioner has probable cause to believe that the property was used or is intended to be used in violation of this act.

(c) Prompt institution of proceedings.--In the event of seizure pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, proceedings under subsection (d) of this section shall be instituted promptly.

(d) Seized property not repleviable;  sealing or removal of seized property.--Property taken or detained under this section shall not be subject to replevin, but is deemed to be in the custody of the commissioner subject only to the orders and decrees of the court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture proceedings.  When property is seized under this act, the commissioner may:

(i) Place the property under seal;

(ii) Remove the property to a place designated by him;  or

(iii) Require the board to take custody of the property and remove it to an appropriate location for disposition in accordance with law.

(e) When property is forfeited under this act, the commissioner may:

(i) Retain it for official use;  in which case it shall become the property of the state of Wyoming;

(ii) Sell any such property which is not required to be destroyed by law and which is not harmful to the public.  The proceeds shall be used for payment of all proper expenses of the proceedings for forfeiture and sale, including expenses of seizure, maintenance of custody, advertising and court costs;

(iii) Require the board to take custody of the property and remove it for disposition in accordance with law;

(iv) Repealed by Laws 1983, ch. 160, § 2.

(v) Transfer ownership and control of the property to any municipality or political subdivision of the state for its official use;  or

(vi) Authorize any law enforcement officer to apply to the district court with jurisdiction for an order providing for destruction of the contraband controlled substances or paraphernalia if no longer necessary for evidentiary purposes, provided, however, that a district court order shall not be necessary for the division of criminal investigation to destroy quantities of contraband controlled substances after the division has tested random samples.  The division of criminal investigation shall adopt rules necessary to operate a program to destroy bulk quantities of contraband controlled substances, which shall include:

(A) The photographing and videotaping of the entire bulk amount of seized contraband controlled substances to maintain its evidentiary value and to create exhibits for use in legal proceedings;

(B) The extraction of ten (10) random samples from the entire bulk amount of seized contraband controlled substances for laboratory analysis;

(C) A weighing on properly calibrated scales of both the bulk amount of seized contraband controlled substances and the representative samples;

(D) The additional retention of:

(I) Five (5) ounces of organic material if the controlled substance is marihuana or a substance of similar organic composition;

(II) Five (5) grams of a controlled substance in powdered or crystalline form;

(III) Five-tenths (0.5) of a gram of a controlled substance in liquid form;

(IV) An amount sufficient for testing by experts shall be made available from the additionally retained sample for the purpose of defending criminal charges arising from the possession, use or sale of the controlled substance.

(E) After the testing and retention of samples specified in this paragraph, the commissioner or his designee may order the destruction of the bulk amount of the seized contraband controlled substance in excess of the representative sample and the additional retained samples of the seized contraband controlled substance;

(F) Once the representative samples and the additional retained samples of the contraband controlled substance are no longer necessary for evidentiary purposes, any law enforcement officer, upon authorization from the commissioner, may apply to the district court with jurisdiction for an order providing for the destruction of the remaining contraband controlled substance.

(f) Any controlled substance listed in Schedules I through V that is possessed, transferred, sold or offered for sale in violation of this act is contraband and shall be seized and summarily forfeited to the state.  Any controlled substance listed in Schedules I through V which is seized or comes into possession of the state and the owner is unknown, is contraband and shall be summarily forfeited to the state.

(g) Seizures and summary forfeiture of certain plants generally.--Species of plants from which controlled substances in Schedules I and II may be derived which have been planted or cultivated in violation of this act, or of which the owners or cultivators are unknown, or which are wild growths, may be seized and summarily forfeited to the state.

(h) Authority for seizure and forfeiture of plants.--The failure, upon demand by the commissioner, or his authorized agent, of the person in occupancy or in control of land or premises upon which the species of plants are growing or being stored, to produce an appropriate registration, or proof that he is the holder thereof, constitutes authority for the seizure and forfeiture of the plants.

(j) Any law enforcement agency of this state may accept, receive, dispose of and expend the property or proceeds from any property forfeited to the federal government or any state and allocated to the agency by the United States attorney general pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 881(e) or any law of another state.  The property or proceeds shall be in addition to funds appropriated to the law enforcement agency by the state legislature or any unit of local government.  The property or proceeds may be credited to any lawfully created fund or account designated to receive proceeds of forfeitures.

(k) Any law enforcement agency of this state which receives property or proceeds pursuant to subsection (j) of this section shall report to the attorney general on forms to be prescribed by the attorney general:

(i) The receipt of property or proceeds within thirty (30) days from the receipt;  and

(ii) The disposition or expenditure of any property or proceeds within ninety (90) days from the disposition or expenditure.

(m) The attorney general shall submit a biennial report to the joint appropriations interim committee concerning recipients and the amount of property and proceeds received, disposed of or expended under subsection (j) of this section.

(n) No law enforcement agency of this state shall accept property or proceeds pursuant to subsection (j) of this section if the tender of the property or proceeds is conditioned upon the state law enforcement agency's adoption of federal law enforcement practices and procedure.


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