5 U.S.C. § 701 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 5. Government Organization and Employees § 701. Application; definitions
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This chapter applies, according to the provisions thereof, except to the extent that--
statutes preclude judicial review; or
agency action is committed to agency discretion by law.
For the purpose of this chapter--
“agency” means each authority of the Government of the United States, whether or not it is within or subject to review by another agency, but does not include--
the courts of the United States;
the governments of the territories or possessions of the United States;
the government of the District of Columbia;
agencies composed of representatives of the parties or of representatives of organizations of the parties to the disputes determined by them;
courts martial and military commissions;
military authority exercised in the field in time of war or in occupied territory; or
functions conferred by sections 1738, 1739, 1743, and 1744 of title 12; subchapter II of chapter 471 of title 49; or sections 1884, 1891-1902, and former section 1641(b)(2), of title 50, appendix; and
“person”, “rule”, “order”, “license”, “sanction”, “relief”, and “agency action” have the meanings given them by section 551 of this title.
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