5 U.S.C. § 701 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 5. Government Organization and Employees § 701. Application;  definitions

 This chapter applies, according to the provisions thereof, except to the extent that--

 statutes preclude judicial review;  or

 agency action is committed to agency discretion by law.

 For the purpose of this chapter--

 “agency” means each authority of the Government of the United States, whether or not it is within or subject to review by another agency, but does not include--

 the Congress;

 the courts of the United States;

 the governments of the territories or possessions of the United States;

 the government of the District of Columbia;

 agencies composed of representatives of the parties or of representatives of organizations of the parties to the disputes determined by them;

 courts martial and military commissions;

 military authority exercised in the field in time of war or in occupied territory;  or

 functions conferred by sections 1738, 1739, 1743, and 1744 of title 12;  subchapter II of chapter 471 of title 49;  or sections 1884, 1891-1902, and former section 1641(b)(2), of title 50, appendix;  and

 “person”, “rule”, “order”, “license”, “sanction”, “relief”, and “agency action” have the meanings given them by section 551 of this title.

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