44 U.S.C. § 3502 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 44. Public Printing and Documents § 3502. Definitions




As used in this subchapter--

 the term “agency” means any executive department, military department, Government corporation, Government controlled corporation, or other establishment in the executive branch of the Government (including the Executive Office of the President), or any independent regulatory agency, but does not include--

 the Government Accountability Office;

 Federal Election Commission;

 the governments of the District of Columbia and of the territories and possessions of the United States, and their various subdivisions;  or

 Government-owned contractor-operated facilities, including laboratories engaged in national defense research and production activities;

 the term “burden” means time, effort, or financial resources expended by persons to generate, maintain, or provide information to or for a Federal agency, including the resources expended for--

 reviewing instructions;

 acquiring, installing, and utilizing technology and systems;

 adjusting the existing ways to comply with any previously applicable instructions and requirements;

 searching data sources;

 completing and reviewing the collection of information;  and

 transmitting, or otherwise disclosing the information;

 the term “collection of information”--

 means the obtaining, causing to be obtained, soliciting, or requiring the disclosure to third parties or the public, of facts or opinions by or for an agency, regardless of form or format, calling for either--

 answers to identical questions posed to, or identical reporting or recordkeeping requirements imposed on, ten or more persons, other than agencies, instrumentalities, or employees of the United States;  or

 answers to questions posed to agencies, instrumentalities, or employees of the United States which are to be used for general statistical purposes;  and

 shall not include a collection of information described under section 3518(c)(1);

 the term “Director” means the Director of the Office of Management and Budget;

 the term “independent regulatory agency” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, the Federal Maritime Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Mine Enforcement Safety and Health Review Commission, the National Labor Relations Board, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, the Postal Regulatory Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, the Office of Financial Research, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, and any other similar agency designated by statute as a Federal independent regulatory agency or commission;

 the term “information resources” means information and related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology;

 the term “information resources management” means the process of managing information resources to accomplish agency missions and to improve agency performance, including through the reduction of information collection burdens on the public;

 the term “information system” means a discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information;

 the term “information technology” has the meaning given that term in section 11101 of title 40 but does not include national security systems as defined in section 11103 of title 40;

 the term “person” means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, or legal representative, an organized group of individuals, a State, territorial, tribal, or local government or branch thereof, or a political subdivision of a State, territory, tribal, or local government or a branch of a political subdivision;

 the term “practical utility” means the ability of an agency to use information, particularly the capability to process such information in a timely and useful fashion;

 the term “public information” means any information, regardless of form or format, that an agency discloses, disseminates, or makes available to the public;

 the term “recordkeeping requirement” means a requirement imposed by or for an agency on persons to maintain specified records, including a requirement to--

 retain such records;

 notify third parties, the Federal Government, or the public of the existence of such records;

 disclose such records to third parties, the Federal Government, or the public;  or

 report to third parties, the Federal Government, or the public regarding such records;  and

 the term “penalty” includes the imposition by an agency or court of a fine or other punishment;  a judgment for monetary damages or equitable relief;  or the revocation, suspension, reduction, or denial of a license, privilege, right, grant, or benefit.


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