42 U.S.C. § 2000bb-1 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 42. The Public Health and Welfare § 2000bb-1. Free exercise of religion protected




In general

Government shall not substantially burden a person's exercise of religion even if the burden results from a rule of general applicability, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

Exception

Government may substantially burden a person's exercise of religion only if it demonstrates that application of the burden to the person--

 is in furtherance of a compelling governmental interest;  and

 is the least restrictive means of furthering that compelling governmental interest.

Judicial relief

A person whose religious exercise has been burdened in violation of this section may assert that violation as a claim or defense in a judicial proceeding and obtain appropriate relief against a government.  Standing to assert a claim or defense under this section shall be governed by the general rules of standing under article III of the Constitution.


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