26 U.S.C. § 108 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 26. Internal Revenue Code § 108. Income from discharge of indebtedness




 Exclusion from gross income.--

 In general.--Gross income does not include any amount which (but for this subsection) would be includible in gross income by reason of the discharge (in whole or in part) of indebtedness of the taxpayer if--

 the discharge occurs in a title 11 case,

 the discharge occurs when the taxpayer is insolvent,

 the indebtedness discharged is qualified farm indebtedness,

 in the case of a taxpayer other than a C corporation, the indebtedness discharged is qualified real property business indebtedness, or

 the indebtedness discharged is qualified principal residence indebtedness which is discharged--

 before January 1, 2017, or

 subject to an arrangement that is entered into and evidenced in writing before January 1, 2017.

 Coordination of exclusions.--

 Title 11 exclusion takes precedence.--Subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), and (E) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to a discharge which occurs in a title 11 case.

 Insolvency exclusion takes precedence over qualified farm exclusion and qualified real property business exclusion.--Subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to a discharge to the extent the taxpayer is insolvent.

 Principal residence exclusion takes precedence over insolvency exclusion unless elected otherwise.--Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply to a discharge to which paragraph (1)(E) applies unless the taxpayer elects to apply paragraph (1)(B) in lieu of paragraph (1)(E).

 Insolvency exclusion limited to amount of insolvency.--In the case of a discharge to which paragraph (1)(B) applies, the amount excluded under paragraph (1)(B) shall not exceed the amount by which the taxpayer is insolvent.

 Reduction of tax attributes.--

 In general.--The amount excluded from gross income under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of subsection (a)(1) shall be applied to reduce the tax attributes of the taxpayer as provided in paragraph (2).

 Tax attributes affected;  order of reduction.--Except as provided in paragraph (5), the reduction referred to in paragraph (1) shall be made in the following tax attributes in the following order:

 NOL.--Any net operating loss for the taxable year of the discharge, and any net operating loss carryover to such taxable year.

 General business credit.--Any carryover to or from the taxable year of a discharge of an amount for purposes for determining the amount allowable as a credit under section 38 (relating to general business credit).

 Minimum tax credit.--The amount of the minimum tax credit available under section 53(b) as of the beginning of the taxable year immediately following the taxable year of the discharge.

 Capital loss carryovers.--Any net capital loss for the taxable year of the discharge, and any capital loss carryover to such taxable year under section 1212 .

 Basis reduction.--

 In general.--The basis of the property of the taxpayer.

 Cross reference.--

For provisions for making the reduction described in clause (i), see section 1017 .

 Passive activity loss and credit carryovers.--Any passive activity loss or credit carryover of the taxpayer under section 469(b) from the taxable year of the discharge.

 Foreign tax credit carryovers.--Any carryover to or from the taxable year of the discharge for purposes of determining the amount of the credit allowable under section 27 .

 Amount of reduction.--

 In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the reductions described in paragraph (2) shall be one dollar for each dollar excluded by subsection (a).

 Credit carryover reduction.--The reductions described in subparagraphs (B), (C), and (G) shall be 33 1/3 cents for each dollar excluded by subsection (a).  The reduction described in subparagraph (F) in any passive activity credit carryover shall be 33 1/3 cents for each dollar excluded by subsection (a).

 Ordering rules.--

 Reductions made after determination of tax for year.--The reductions described in paragraph (2) shall be made after the determination of the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year of the discharge.

 Reductions under subparagraph (A) or (D) of paragraph (2).--The reductions described in subparagraph (A) or (D) of paragraph (2) (as the case may be) shall be made first in the loss for the taxable year of the discharge and then in the carryovers to such taxable year in the order of the taxable years from which each such carryover arose.

 Reductions under subparagraphs (B) and (G) of paragraph (2).--The reductions described in subparagraphs (B) and (G) of paragraph (2) shall be made in the order in which carryovers are taken into account under this chapter for the taxable year of the discharge.

 Election to apply reduction first against depreciable property.--

 In general.--The taxpayer may elect to apply any portion of the reduction referred to in paragraph (1) to the reduction under section 1017 of the basis of the depreciable property of the taxpayer.

 Limitation.--The amount to which an election under subparagraph (A) applies shall not exceed the aggregate adjusted bases of the depreciable property held by the taxpayer as of the beginning of the taxable year following the taxable year in which the discharge occurs.

 Other tax attributes not reduced.--Paragraph (2) shall not apply to any amount to which an election under this paragraph applies.

 Treatment of discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness.--

 Basis reduction.--

 In general.--The amount excluded from gross income under subparagraph (D) of subsection (a)(1) shall be applied to reduce the basis of the depreciable real property of the taxpayer.

 Cross reference.--

For provisions making the reduction described in subparagraph (A), see section 1017 .

 Limitations.--

 Indebtedness in excess of value.--The amount excluded under subparagraph (D) of subsection (a)(1) with respect to any qualified real property business indebtedness shall not exceed the excess (if any) of--

 the outstanding principal amount of such indebtedness (immediately before the discharge), over

 the fair market value of the real property described in paragraph (3)(A) (as of such time), reduced by the outstanding principal amount of any other qualified real property business indebtedness secured by such property (as of such time).

 Overall limitation.--The amount excluded under subparagraph (D) of subsection (a)(1) shall not exceed the aggregate adjusted bases of depreciable real property (determined after any reductions under subsections (b) and (g)) held by the taxpayer immediately before the discharge (other than depreciable real property acquired in contemplation of such discharge).

 Qualified real property business indebtedness.--The term “qualified real property business indebtedness” means indebtedness which--

 was incurred or assumed by the taxpayer in connection with real property used in a trade or business and is secured by such real property,

 was incurred or assumed before January 1, 1993, or if incurred or assumed on or after such date, is qualified acquisition indebtedness, and

 with respect to which such taxpayer makes an election to have this paragraph apply.

Such term shall not include qualified farm indebtedness.  Indebtedness under subparagraph (B) shall include indebtedness resulting from the refinancing of indebtedness under subparagraph (B) (or this sentence), but only to the extent it does not exceed the amount of the indebtedness being refinanced.

 Qualified acquisition indebtedness.--For purposes of paragraph (3)(B), the term “qualified acquisition indebtedness” means, with respect to any real property described in paragraph (3)(A), indebtedness incurred or assumed to acquire, construct, reconstruct, or substantially improve such property.

 Regulations.--The Secretary shall issue such regulations as are necessary to carry out this subsection, including regulations preventing the abuse of this subsection through cross-collateralization or other means.

 Meaning of terms;  special rules relating to certain provisions.--

 Indebtedness of taxpayer.--For purposes of this section, the term “indebtedness of the taxpayer” means any indebtedness--

 for which the taxpayer is liable, or

 subject to which the taxpayer holds property.

 Title 11 case.--For purposes of this section, the term “title 11 case” means a case under title 11 of the United States Code (relating to bankruptcy), but only if the taxpayer is under the jurisdiction of the court in such case and the discharge of indebtedness is granted by the court or is pursuant to a plan approved by the court.

 Insolvent.--For purposes of this section, the term “insolvent” means the excess of liabilities over the fair market value of assets.  With respect to any discharge, whether or not the taxpayer is insolvent, and the amount by which the taxpayer is insolvent, shall be determined on the basis of the taxpayer's assets and liabilities immediately before the discharge.

[ Repealed. Pub.L. 99-514, Title VIII, § 822(b)(3)(A) , Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2373]

 Depreciable property.--The term “depreciable property” has the same meaning as when used in section 1017 .

 Certain provisions to be applied at partner level.--In the case of a partnership, subsections (a), (b), (c), and (g) shall be applied at the partner level.

 Special rules for S corporation.--

 Certain provisions to be applied at corporate level.--In the case of an S corporation, subsections (a), (b), (c), and (g) shall be applied at the corporate level, including by not taking into account under section 1366(a) any amount excluded under subsection (a) of this section.

 Reduction in carryover of disallowed losses and deductions.--In the case of an S corporation, for purposes of subparagraph (A) of subsection (b)(2), any loss or deduction which is disallowed for the taxable year of the discharge under section 1366(d)(1) shall be treated as a net operating loss for such taxable year.  The preceding sentence shall not apply to any discharge to the extent that subsection (a)(1)(D) applies to such discharge.

 Coordination with basis adjustments under .--For purposes of subsection (e)(6), a shareholder's adjusted basis in indebtedness of an S corporation shall be determined without regard to any adjustments made under section 1367(b)(2) .

 Reductions of tax attributes in title 11 cases of individuals to be made by estate.--In any case under chapter 7 or 11 of title 11 of the United States Code to which section 1398 applies, for purposes of paragraphs (1) and (5) of subsection (b) the estate (and not the individual) shall be treated as the taxpayer.  The preceding sentence shall not apply for purposes of applying section 1017 to property transferred by the estate to the individual.

 Time for making election, etc.--

 Time.--An election under paragraph (5) of subsection (b) or under paragraph (3)(C) of subsection (c) shall be made on the taxpayer's return for the taxable year in which the discharge occurs or at such other time as may be permitted in regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

 Revocation only with consent.--An election referred to in subparagraph (A), once made, may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary.

 Manner.--An election referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be made in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.

 Cross reference.--

For provision that no reduction is to be made in the basis of exempt property of an individual debtor, see section 1017(c)(1) .

 General rules for discharge of indebtedness (including discharges not in Title 11 cases or insolvency).--For purposes of this title--

 No other insolvency exception.--Except as otherwise provided in this section, there shall be no insolvency exception from the general rule that gross income includes income from the discharge of indebtedness.

 Income not realized to extent of lost deductions.--No income shall be realized from the discharge of indebtedness to the extent that payment of the liability would have given rise to a deduction.

 Adjustments for unamortized premium and discount.--The amount taken into account with respect to any discharge shall be properly adjusted for unamortized premium and unamortized discount with respect to the indebtedness discharged.

 Acquisition of indebtedness by person related to debtor.--

 Treated as acquisition by debtor.--For purposes of determining income of the debtor from discharge of indebtedness, to the extent provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the acquisition of outstanding indebtedness by a person bearing a relationship to the debtor specified in section 267(b) or 707(b)(1) from a person who does not bear such a relationship to the debtor shall be treated as the acquisition of such indebtedness by the debtor.  Such regulations shall provide for such adjustments in the treatment of any subsequent transactions involving the indebtedness as may be appropriate by reason of the application of the preceding sentence.

 Members of family.--For purposes of this paragraph, sections 267(b) and 707(b)(1) shall be applied as if section 267(c)(4) provided that the family of an individual consists of the individual's spouse, the individual's children, grandchildren, and parents, and any spouse of the individual's children or grandchildren.

 Entities under common control treated as related.--For purposes of this paragraph, two entities which are treated as a single employer under subsection (b) or (c) of section 414 shall be treated as bearing a relationship to each other which is described in section 267(b) .

 Purchase-money debt reduction for solvent debtor treated as price reduction.--If--

 the debt of a purchaser of property to the seller of such property which arose out of the purchase of such property is reduced,

 such reduction does not occur--

 in a title 11 case, or

 when the purchaser is insolvent, and

 but for this paragraph, such reduction would be treated as income to the purchaser from the discharge of indebtedness,

then such reduction shall be treated as a purchase price adjustment.

 Indebtedness contributed to capital.--Except as provided in regulations, for purposes of determining income of the debtor from discharge of indebtedness, if a debtor corporation acquires its indebtedness from a shareholder as a contribution to capital--

section 118 shall not apply, but

 such corporation shall be treated as having satisfied the indebtedness with an amount of money equal to the shareholder's adjusted basis in the indebtedness.

 Recapture of gain on subsequent sale of stock.--

 In general.--If a creditor acquires stock of a debtor corporation in satisfaction of such corporation's indebtedness, for purposes of section 1245 --

 such stock (and any other property the basis of which is determined in whole or in part by reference to the adjusted basis of such stock) shall be treated as section 1245 property,

 the aggregate amount allowed to the creditor--

 as deductions under subsection (a) or (b) of section 166 (by reason of the worthlessness or partial worthlessness of the indebtedness), or

 as an ordinary loss on the exchange,

shall be treated as an amount allowed as a deduction for depreciation, and

 an exchange of such stock qualifying under section 354(a) , 355(a) , or 356(a) shall be treated as an exchange to which section 1245(b)(3) applies.

The amount determined under clause (ii) shall be reduced by the amount (if any) included in the creditor's gross income on the exchange.

 Special rule for cash basis taxpayers.--In the case of any creditor who computes his taxable income under the cash receipts and disbursements method, proper adjustment shall be made in the amount taken into account under clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) for any amount which was not included in the creditor's gross income but which would have been included in such gross income if such indebtedness had been satisfied in full.

 Stock of parent corporation.--For purposes of this paragraph, stock of a corporation in control (within the meaning of section 368(c) ) of the debtor corporation shall be treated as stock of the debtor corporation.

 Treatment of successor corporation.--For purposes of this paragraph, the term “debtor corporation” includes a successor corporation.

 Partnership rule.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, rules similar to the rules of the foregoing subparagraphs of this paragraph shall apply with respect to the indebtedness of a partnership.

 Indebtedness satisfied by corporate stock or partnership interest.--For purposes of determining income of a debtor from discharge of indebtedness, if--

 a debtor corporation transfers stock, or

 a debtor partnership transfers a capital or profits interest in such partnership,

to a creditor in satisfaction of its recourse or nonrecourse indebtedness, such corporation or partnership shall be treated as having satisfied the indebtedness with an amount of money equal to the fair market value of the stock or interest.  In the case of any partnership, any discharge of indebtedness income recognized under this paragraph shall be included in the distributive shares of taxpayers which were the partners in the partnership immediately before such discharge.

 Discharge of indebtedness income not taken into account in determining whether entity meets REIT qualifications.--Any amount included in gross income by reason of the discharge of indebtedness shall not be taken into account for purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 856(c) .

 Indebtedness satisfied by issuance of debt instrument.--

 In general.--For purposes of determining income of a debtor from discharge of indebtedness, if a debtor issues a debt instrument in satisfaction of indebtedness, such debtor shall be treated as having satisfied the indebtedness with an amount of money equal to the issue price of such debt instrument.

 Issue price.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), the issue price of any debt instrument shall be determined under sections 1273 and 1274 .  For purposes of the preceding sentence, section 1273(b)(4) shall be applied by reducing the stated redemption price of any instrument by the portion of such stated redemption price which is treated as interest for purposes of this chapter.

 Student loans.--

 In general.--In the case of an individual, gross income does not include any amount which (but for this subsection) would be includible in gross income by reason of the discharge (in whole or in part) of any student loan if such discharge was pursuant to a provision of such loan under which all or part of the indebtedness of the individual would be discharged if the individual worked for a certain period of time in certain professions for any of a broad class of employers.

 Student loan.--For purposes of this subsection, the term “student loan” means any loan to an individual to assist the individual in attending an educational organization described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) made by--

 the United States, or an instrumentality or agency thereof,

 a State, territory, or possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision thereof,

 a public benefit corporation--

 which is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3) ,

 which has assumed control over a State, county, or municipal hospital, and

 whose employees have been deemed to be public employees under State law, or

 any educational organization described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) if such loan is made--

 pursuant to an agreement with any entity described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) under which the funds from which the loan was made were provided to such educational organization, or

 pursuant to a program of such educational organization which is designed to encourage its students to serve in occupations with unmet needs or in areas with unmet needs and under which the services provided by the students (or former students) are for or under the direction of a governmental unit or an organization described in section 501(c)(3) and exempt from tax under section 501(a) .

The term “student loan” includes any loan made by an educational organization described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) or by an organization exempt from tax under section 501(a) to refinance a loan to an individual to assist the individual in attending any such educational organization but only if the refinancing loan is pursuant to a program of the refinancing organization which is designed as described in subparagraph (D)(ii).

 Exception for discharges on account of services performed for certain lenders.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the discharge of a loan made by an organization described in paragraph (2)(D) if the discharge is on account of services performed for either such organization.

 Payments under National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program and certain State loan repayment programs.--In the case of an individual, gross income shall not include any amount received under section 338B(g) of the Public Health Service Act, under a State program described in section 338I of such Act, or under any other State loan repayment or loan forgiveness program that is intended to provide for the increased availability of health care services in underserved or health professional shortage areas (as determined by such State).

 Special rules for discharge of qualified farm indebtedness.--

 Discharge must be by qualified person.--

 In general.--Subparagraph (C) of subsection (a)(1) shall apply only if the discharge is by a qualified person.

 Qualified person.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “qualified person” has the meaning given to such term by section 49(a)(1)(D)(iv) ;  except that such term shall include any Federal, State, or local government or agency or instrumentality thereof.

 Qualified farm indebtedness.--For purposes of this section, indebtedness of a taxpayer shall be treated as qualified farm indebtedness if--

 such indebtedness was incurred directly in connection with the operation by the taxpayer of the trade or business of farming, and

 50 percent or more of the aggregate gross receipts of the taxpayer for the 3 taxable years preceding the taxable year in which the discharge of such indebtedness occurs is attributable to the trade or business of farming.

 Amount excluded cannot exceed sum of tax attributes and business and investment assets.--

 In general.--The amount excluded under subparagraph (C) of subsection (a)(1) shall not exceed the sum of--

 the adjusted tax attributes of the taxpayer, and

 the aggregate adjusted bases of qualified property held by the taxpayer as of the beginning of the taxable year following the taxable year in which the discharge occurs.

 Adjusted tax attributes.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “adjusted tax attributes” means the sum of the tax attributes described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (F), and (G) of subsection (b)(2) determined by taking into account $3 for each $1 of the attributes described in subparagraphs (B), (C), and (G) of subsection (b)(2) and the attribute described in subparagraph (F) of subsection (b)(2) to the extent attributable to any passive activity credit carryover.

 Qualified property.--For purposes of this paragraph, the term “qualified property” means any property which is used or is held for use in a trade or business or for the production of income.

 Coordination with insolvency exclusion.--For purposes of this paragraph, the adjusted basis of any qualified property and the amount of the adjusted tax attributes shall be determined after any reduction under subsection (b) by reason of amounts excluded from gross income under subsection (a)(1)(B).

 Special rules relating to qualified principal residence indebtedness.--

 Basis reduction.--The amount excluded from gross income by reason of subsection (a)(1)(E) shall be applied to reduce (but not below zero) the basis of the principal residence of the taxpayer.

 Qualified principal residence indebtedness.--For purposes of this section, the term “qualified principal residence indebtedness” means acquisition indebtedness (within the meaning of section 163(h)(3)(B) , applied by substituting “$2,000,000 ($1,000,000” for “$1,000,000 ($500,000” in clause (ii) thereof) with respect to the principal residence of the taxpayer.

 Exception for certain discharges not related to taxpayer's financial condition.--Subsection (a)(1)(E) shall not apply to the discharge of a loan if the discharge is on account of services performed for the lender or any other factor not directly related to a decline in the value of the residence or to the financial condition of the taxpayer.

 Ordering rule.--If any loan is discharged, in whole or in part, and only a portion of such loan is qualified principal residence indebtedness, subsection (a)(1)(E) shall apply only to so much of the amount discharged as exceeds the amount of the loan (as determined immediately before such discharge) which is not qualified principal residence indebtedness.

 Principal residence.--For purposes of this subsection, the term “principal residence” has the same meaning as when used in section 121 .

 Deferral and ratable inclusion of income arising from business indebtedness discharged by the reacquisition of a debt instrument.--

 In general.--At the election of the taxpayer, income from the discharge of indebtedness in connection with the reacquisition after December 31, 2008, and before January 1, 2011, of an applicable debt instrument shall be includible in gross income ratably over the 5-taxable-year period beginning with--

 in the case of a reacquisition occurring in 2009, the fifth taxable year following the taxable year in which the reacquisition occurs, and

 in the case of a reacquisition occurring in 2010, the fourth taxable year following the taxable year in which the reacquisition occurs.

 Deferral of deduction for original issue discount in debt for debt exchanges.--

 In general.--If, as part of a reacquisition to which paragraph (1) applies, any debt instrument is issued for the applicable debt instrument being reacquired (or is treated as so issued under subsection (e)(4) and the regulations thereunder) and there is any original issue discount determined under subpart A of part V of subchapter P of this chapter with respect to the debt instrument so issued--

 except as provided in clause (ii), no deduction otherwise allowable under this chapter shall be allowed to the issuer of such debt instrument with respect to the portion of such original issue discount which--

 accrues before the 1st taxable year in the 5-taxable-year period in which income from the discharge of indebtedness attributable to the reacquisition of the debt instrument is includible under paragraph (1), and

 does not exceed the income from the discharge of indebtedness with respect to the debt instrument being reacquired, and

 the aggregate amount of deductions disallowed under clause (i) shall be allowed as a deduction ratably over the 5-taxable-year period described in clause (i)(I).

If the amount of the original issue discount accruing before such 1st taxable year exceeds the income from the discharge of indebtedness with respect to the applicable debt instrument being reacquired, the deductions shall be disallowed in the order in which the original issue discount is accrued.

 Deemed debt for debt exchanges.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), if any debt instrument is issued by an issuer and the proceeds of such debt instrument are used directly or indirectly by the issuer to reacquire an applicable debt instrument of the issuer, the debt instrument so issued shall be treated as issued for the debt instrument being reacquired.  If only a portion of the proceeds from a debt instrument are so used, the rules of subparagraph (A) shall apply to the portion of any original issue discount on the newly issued debt instrument which is equal to the portion of the proceeds from such instrument used to reacquire the outstanding instrument.

 Applicable debt instrument.--For purposes of this subsection--

 Applicable debt instrument.--The term “applicable debt instrument” means any debt instrument which was issued by--

 a C corporation, or

 any other person in connection with the conduct of a trade or business by such person.

 Debt instrument.--The term “debt instrument” means a bond, debenture, note, certificate, or any other instrument or contractual arrangement constituting indebtedness (within the meaning of section 1275(a)(1) ).

 Reacquisition.--For purposes of this subsection--

 In general.--The term “reacquisition” means, with respect to any applicable debt instrument, any acquisition of the debt instrument by--

 the debtor which issued (or is otherwise the obligor under) the debt instrument, or

 a related person to such debtor.

 Acquisition.--The term “acquisition” shall, with respect to any applicable debt instrument, include an acquisition of the debt instrument for cash, the exchange of the debt instrument for another debt instrument (including an exchange resulting from a modification of the debt instrument), the exchange of the debt instrument for corporate stock or a partnership interest, and the contribution of the debt instrument to capital.  Such term shall also include the complete forgiveness of the indebtedness by the holder of the debt instrument.

 Other definitions and rules.--For purposes of this subsection--

 Related person.--The determination of whether a person is related to another person shall be made in the same manner as under subsection (e)(4).

 Election.--

 In general.--An election under this subsection with respect to any applicable debt instrument shall be made by including with the return of tax imposed by chapter 1 for the taxable year in which the reacquisition of the debt instrument occurs a statement which--

 clearly identifies such instrument, and

 includes the amount of income to which paragraph (1) applies and such other information as the Secretary may prescribe.

 Election irrevocable.--Such election, once made, is irrevocable.

 Pass-thru entities.--In the case of a partnership, S corporation, or other pass-thru entity, the election under this subsection shall be made by the partnership, the S corporation, or other entity involved.

 Coordination with other exclusions.--If a taxpayer elects to have this subsection apply to an applicable debt instrument, subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of subsection (a)(1) shall not apply to the income from the discharge of such indebtedness for the taxable year of the election or any subsequent taxable year.

 Acceleration of deferred items.--

 In general.--In the case of the death of the taxpayer, the liquidation or sale of substantially all the assets of the taxpayer (including in a title 11 or similar case), the cessation of business by the taxpayer, or similar circumstances, any item of income or deduction which is deferred under this subsection (and has not previously been taken into account) shall be taken into account in the taxable year in which such event occurs (or in the case of a title 11 or similar case, the day before the petition is filed).

 Special rule for pass-thru entities.--The rule of clause (i) shall also apply in the case of the sale or exchange or redemption of an interest in a partnership, S corporation, or other pass- thru entity by a partner, shareholder, or other person holding an ownership interest in such entity.

 Special rule for partnerships.--In the case of a partnership, any income deferred under this subsection shall be allocated to the partners in the partnership immediately before the discharge in the manner such amounts would have been included in the distributive shares of such partners under section 704 if such income were recognized at such time.  Any decrease in a partner's share of partnership liabilities as a result of such discharge shall not be taken into account for purposes of section 752 at the time of the discharge to the extent it would cause the partner to recognize gain under section 731 .  Any decrease in partnership liabilities deferred under the preceding sentence shall be taken into account by such partner at the same time, and to the extent remaining in the same amount, as income deferred under this subsection is recognized.

 Secretarial authority.--The Secretary may prescribe such regulations, rules, or other guidance as may be necessary or appropriate for purposes of applying this subsection, including--

 extending the application of the rules of paragraph (5)(D) to other circumstances where appropriate,

 requiring reporting of the election (and such other information as the Secretary may require) on returns of tax for subsequent taxable years, and

 rules for the application of this subsection to partnerships, S corporations, and other pass-thru entities, including for the allocation of deferred deductions.





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