10 U.S.C. § 1450 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 10. Armed Forces § 1450. Payment of annuity:  beneficiaries




 In general.--Effective as of the first day after the death of a person to whom section 1448 of this title applies (or on such other day as that person may provide under subsection (j)), a monthly annuity under section 1451 of this title shall be paid to the person's beneficiaries under the Plan, as follows:

 Surviving spouse or former spouse.--The eligible surviving spouse or the eligible former spouse.

 Surviving children.--The surviving dependent children in equal shares, if the eligible surviving spouse or the eligible former spouse is dead, dies, or otherwise becomes ineligible under this section.

 Dependent children.--The dependent children in equal shares if the person to whom section 1448 of this title applies (with the concurrence of the person's spouse, if required under section 1448(a)(3) of this title) elected to provide an annuity for dependent children but not for the spouse or former spouse.

Special needs trusts for sole benefit of certain dependent children.--Notwithstanding subsection (i), a supplemental or special needs trust established under subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 1917(d)(4) of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4) ) for the sole benefit of a dependent child considered disabled under section 1614(a)(3) of that Act ( 42 U.S.C. 1382c(a)(3) ) who is incapable of self-support because of mental or physical incapacity.

 Natural person designated under “insurable interest” coverage.--The natural person designated under section 1448(b)(1) of this title, unless the election to provide an annuity to the natural person has been changed as provided in subsection (f).

 Termination of annuity for death, remarriage before age 55, etc.--

 General rule.--An annuity payable to the beneficiary terminates effective as of the first day of the month in which eligibility is lost.

 Termination of spouse annuity upon death or remarriage before age 55.--An annuity for a surviving spouse or former spouse shall be paid to the surviving spouse or former spouse while the surviving spouse or former spouse is living or, if the surviving spouse or former spouse remarries before reaching age 55, until the surviving spouse or former spouse remarries.

 Effect of termination of subsequent marriage before age 55.--If the surviving spouse or former spouse remarries before reaching age 55 and that marriage is terminated by death, annulment, or divorce, payment of the annuity shall be resumed effective as of the first day of the month in which the marriage is so terminated.  However, if the surviving spouse or former spouse is also entitled to an annuity under the Plan based upon the marriage so terminated, the surviving spouse or former spouse may not receive both annuities but must elect which to receive.

 Offset for amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.--

 Required offset.--If, upon the death of a person to whom section 1448 of this title applies, the surviving spouse or former spouse of that person is also entitled to dependency and indemnity compensation under section 1311(a) of title 38 , the surviving spouse or former spouse may be paid an annuity under this section, but only in the amount that the annuity otherwise payable under this section would exceed that compensation.

 Effective date of offset.--A reduction in an annuity under this section required by paragraph (1) shall be effective on the date of the commencement of the period of payment of such dependency and indemnity compensation under title 38.

 Limitation on recoupment of offset amount.--Any amount subject to offset under this subsection that was previously paid to the surviving spouse or former spouse shall be recouped only to the extent that the amount paid exceeds any amount to be refunded under subsection (e).  In notifying a surviving spouse or former spouse of the recoupment requirement, the Secretary shall provide the spouse or former spouse--

 a single notice of the net amount to be recouped or the net amount to be refunded, as applicable, under this subsection or subsection (e);

 a written explanation of the statutory requirements for recoupment of the offset amount and for refund of any applicable amount deducted from retired pay;

 a detailed accounting of how the offset amount being recouped and retired pay deduction amount being refunded were calculated;  and

 contact information for a person who can provide information about the offset recoupment and retired pay deduction refund processes and answer questions the surviving spouse or former spouse may have about the requirements, processes, or amounts.

 Limitation on payment of annuities when coverage under civil service retirement elected.--If, upon the death of a person to whom section 1448 of this title applies, that person had in effect a waiver of that person's retired pay for the purposes of subchapter III of chapter 83 of title 5 or chapter 84 of such title, an annuity under this section shall not be payable unless, in accordance with section 8339(j) or 8416(a) of title 5 , that person notified the Office of Personnel Management that he did not desire any spouse surviving him to receive an annuity under section 8341(b) or 8442(a) of that title.

 Refund of amounts deducted from retired pay when DIC offset is applicable.--

 Full refund when DIC greater than SBP annuity.--If an annuity under this section is not payable because of subsection (c), any amount deducted from the retired pay of the deceased under section 1452 of this title shall be refunded to the surviving spouse or former spouse.

 Partial refund when SBP annuity reduced by DIC.--If, because of subsection (c), the annuity payable is less than the amount established under section 1451 of this title, the annuity payable shall be recalculated under that section.  The amount of the reduction in the retired pay required to provide that recalculated annuity shall be computed under section 1452 of this title, and the difference between the amount deducted before the computation of that recalculated annuity and the amount that would have been deducted on the basis of that recalculated annuity shall be refunded to the surviving spouse or former spouse.

 Change in election of insurable interest or former spouse beneficiary.--

 Authorized changes.--

 Election in favor of spouse or child.--A person who elects to provide an annuity to a person designated by him under section 1448(b) of this title may, subject to paragraph (2), change that election and provide an annuity to his spouse or dependent child.

 Notice.--The Secretary concerned shall notify the former spouse or other natural person previously designated under section 1448(b) of this title of any change of election under subparagraph (A).

 Procedures, effective date, etc.--Any such change of election is subject to the same rules with respect to execution, revocation, and effectiveness as are set forth in section 1448(a)(5) of this title (without regard to the eligibility of the person making the change of election to make such an election under that section).  Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a change of election under this subsection to provide an annuity to a spouse instead of a former spouse may (subject to paragraph (2)) be made at any time after the person providing the annuity remarries without regard to the time limitation in section 1448(a)(5)(B) of this title.

 Limitation on change in beneficiary when former spouse coverage in effect.--A person who, incident to a proceeding of divorce, dissolution, or annulment, is required by a court order to elect under section 1448(b) of this title to provide an annuity to a former spouse (or to both a former spouse and child), or who enters into a written agreement (whether voluntary or required by a court order) to make such an election, and who makes an election pursuant to such order or agreement, may not change that election under paragraph (1) unless, of the following requirements, whichever are applicable in a particular case are satisfied:

 In a case in which the election is required by a court order, or in which an agreement to make the election has been incorporated in or ratified or approved by a court order, the person--

 furnishes to the Secretary concerned a certified copy of a court order which is regular on its face and which modifies the provisions of all previous court orders relating to such election, or the agreement to make such election, so as to permit the person to change the election;  and

 certifies to the Secretary concerned that the court order is valid and in effect.

 In a case of a written agreement that has not been incorporated in or ratified or approved by a court order, the person--

 furnishes to the Secretary concerned a statement, in such form as the Secretary concerned may prescribe, signed by the former spouse and evidencing the former spouse's agreement to a change in the election under paragraph (1);  and

 certifies to the Secretary concerned that the statement is current and in effect.

 Required former spouse election to be deemed to have been made.--

 Deemed election upon request by former spouse.--If a person described in paragraph (2) or (3) of section 1448(b) of this title is required (as described in subparagraph (B)) to elect under section 1448(b) of this title to provide an annuity to a former spouse and such person then fails or refuses to make such an election, such person shall be deemed to have made such an election if the Secretary concerned receives the following:

 Request from former spouse.--A written request, in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe, from the former spouse concerned requesting that such an election be deemed to have been made.

 Copy of court order or other official statement.--Either--

 a copy of the court order, regular on its face, which requires such election or incorporates, ratifies, or approves the written agreement of such person;  or

 a statement from the clerk of the court (or other appropriate official) that such agreement has been filed with the court in accordance with applicable State law.

 Persons required to make election.--A person shall be considered for purposes of subparagraph (A) to be required to elect under section 1448(b) of this title to provide an annuity to a former spouse if--

 the person enters, incident to a proceeding of divorce, dissolution, or annulment, into a written agreement to make such an election and the agreement (I) has been incorporated in or ratified or approved by a court order, or (II) has been filed with the court of appropriate jurisdiction in accordance with applicable State law;  or

 the person is required by a court order to make such an election.

 Time limit for request by former spouse.--An election may not be deemed to have been made under subparagraph (A) in the case of any person unless the Secretary concerned receives a request from the former spouse of the person within one year of the date of the court order or filing involved.

 Effective date of deemed election.--An election deemed to have been made under subparagraph (A) shall become effective on the day referred to in section 1448(b)(3)(E)(ii) of this title.

 Former spouse coverage may be required by court order.--A court order may require a person to elect (or to enter into an agreement to elect) under section 1448(b) of this title to provide an annuity to a former spouse (or to both a former spouse and child).

 Limitation on changing or revoking elections.--

 In general.--An election under this section may not be changed or revoked.

 Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to--

 a revocation of an election under section 1449(b) of this title;  or

 a change in an election under subsection (f).

 Treatment of annuities under other laws.--Except as provided in section 1451 of this title, an annuity under this section is in addition to any other payment to which a person is entitled under any other provision of law.  Such annuity shall be considered as income under laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

 Annuities exempt from certain legal process.--Except as provided in subsection (a)(4) or (l)(3)(B), an annuity under this section is not assignable or subject to execution, levy, attachment, garnishment, or other legal process.

 Effective date of reserve-component annuities.--

 Persons making designation.--A reserve-component annuity shall be effective in accordance with the designation made under section 1448(e) of this title by the person providing the annuity.

 Persons dying before making designation.--An annuity payable under section 1448(f) of this title shall be effective on the day after the date of the death of the person upon whose service the right to the annuity is based.

 Adjustment of spouse or former spouse annuity upon loss of dependency and indemnity compensation.--

 Readjustment if beneficiary 55 years of age or more.--If a surviving spouse or former spouse whose annuity has been adjusted under subsection (c) subsequently loses entitlement to dependency and indemnity compensation under section 1311(a) of title 38 because of the remarriage of the surviving spouse, or former spouse, and if at the time of such remarriage the surviving spouse or former spouse is 55 years of age or more, the amount of the annuity of the surviving spouse or former spouse shall be readjusted, effective on the effective date of such loss of dependency and indemnity compensation, to the amount of the annuity which would be in effect with respect to the surviving spouse or former spouse if the adjustment under subsection (c) had never been made.

 Repayment of amounts previously refunded.--

 General rule.--A surviving spouse or former spouse whose annuity is readjusted under paragraph (1) shall repay any amount refunded under subsection (e) by reason of the adjustment under subsection (c).

 Interest required if repayment not a lump sum.--If the repayment is not made in a lump sum, the surviving spouse or former spouse shall pay interest on the amount to be repaid.  Such interest shall commence on the date on which the first such payment is due and shall be applied over the period during which any part of the repayment remains to be paid.

 Manner of repayment;  rate of interest.--The manner in which such repayment shall be made, and the rate of any such interest, shall be prescribed in regulations under section 1455 of this title.

 Deposit of amounts repaid.--An amount repaid under this paragraph (including any such interest) received by the Secretary of Defense shall be deposited into the Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund.  Any other amount repaid under this paragraph shall be deposited into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

 Participants in the plan who are missing.--

 Authority to presume death of missing participant.--

 In general.--Upon application of the beneficiary of a participant in the Plan who is missing, the Secretary concerned may determine for purposes of this subchapter that the participant is presumed dead.

 Participant who is missing.--A participant in the Plan is considered to be missing for purposes of this subsection if--

 the retired pay of the participant has been suspended on the basis that the participant is missing;  or

 in the case of a participant in the Plan who would be eligible for reserve-component retired pay but for the fact that he is under 60 years of age, his retired pay, if he were entitled to retired pay, would be suspended on the basis that he is missing.

 Requirements applicable to presumption of death.--Any such determination shall be made in accordance with regulations prescribed under section 1455 of this title.  The Secretary concerned may not make a determination for purposes of this subchapter that a participant who is missing is presumed dead unless the Secretary finds that--

 the participant has been missing for at least 30 days;  and

 the circumstances under which the participant is missing would lead a reasonably prudent person to conclude that the participant is dead.

 Commencement of annuity.--Upon a determination under paragraph (1) with respect to a participant in the Plan, an annuity otherwise payable under this subchapter shall be paid as if the participant died on the date as of which the retired pay of the participant was suspended.

 Effect of person not being dead.--

 Termination of annuity.--If, after a determination under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned determines that the participant is alive--

 any annuity being paid under this subchapter by reason of this subsection shall be terminated;  and

 the total amount of any annuity payments made by reason of this subsection shall constitute a debt to the United States.

 Collection from participant of annuity amounts erroneously paid.--A debt under subparagraph (A)(ii) may be collected or offset--

 from any retired pay otherwise payable to the participant;

 if the participant is entitled to compensation under chapter 11 of title 38, from that compensation;  or

 if the participant is entitled to any other payment from the United States, from that payment.

 Collection from beneficiary.--If the participant dies before the full recovery of the amount of annuity payments described in subparagraph (A)(ii) has been made by the United States, the remaining amount of such annuity payments may be collected from the participant's beneficiary under the Plan if that beneficiary was the recipient of the annuity payments made by reason of this subsection.

 Special survivor indemnity allowance.--

 Provision of allowance.--The Secretary concerned shall pay a monthly special survivor indemnity allowance under this subsection to the surviving spouse or former spouse of a member of the uniformed services to whom section 1448 of this title applies if--

 the surviving spouse or former spouse is entitled to dependency and indemnity compensation under section 1311(a) of title 38 ;

 except for subsection (c) of this section, the surviving spouse or former spouse is eligible for an annuity by reason of a participant in the Plan under subsection (a)(1) of section 1448 of this title or by reason of coverage under subsection (d) of such section;  and

 the eligibility of the surviving spouse or former spouse for an annuity as described in subparagraph (B) is affected by subsection (c) of this section.

 Amount of payment.--Subject to paragraph (3), the amount of the allowance paid to an eligible survivor under paragraph (1) for a month shall be equal to--

 for months during fiscal year 2009, $50;

 for months during fiscal year 2010, $60;

 for months during fiscal year 2011, $70;

 for months during fiscal year 2012, $80;

 for months during fiscal year 2013, $90;

 for months during fiscal year 2014, $150;

 for months during fiscal year 2015, $200;

 for months during fiscal year 2016, $275;  and

 for months during fiscal year 2017, $310.

 Limitation.--The amount of the allowance paid to an eligible survivor under paragraph (1) for any month may not exceed the amount of the annuity for that month that is subject to offset under subsection (c).

 Status of payments.--An allowance paid under this subsection does not constitute an annuity, and amounts so paid are not subject to adjustment under any other provision of law.

 Source of funds.--The special survivor indemnity allowance shall be paid from amounts in the Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund established under section 1461 of this title.

 Effective date and duration.--This subsection shall only apply with respect to the month beginning on October 1, 2008, and subsequent months through the month ending on September 30, 2017.  Effective on October 1, 2017, the authority provided by this subsection shall terminate.  No special survivor indemnity allowance may be paid to any person by reason of this subsection for any period before October 1, 2008, or beginning on or after October 1, 2017.





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