Ohio Revised Code Title XIII. Commercial Transactions § 1312.01




As used in this chapter:

(A) “Construction defect” means a deficiency that arises directly or indirectly out of the construction or the substantial rehabilitation of a residential building. “Substantial rehabilitation” includes the addition of a room and the removal or installation of a wall, partition, or portion of the structural design.

(B) “Dwelling action” means any civil action in contract or tort for damages or indemnity brought against a residential contractor for damages or the loss of use of real property caused by a construction defect.

(C) “Owner” means an owner or a prospective owner of a residential building or a dwelling unit in a residential building who enters into a contract with a residential contractor for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of that residential building or unit.

(D) “Residential building” means a structure that is a one-family, two-family, or three-family dwelling house or a dwelling unit within that structure, any accessory structures incidental to that dwelling house, and a unit in a condominium development in which the owner holds title to that unit. “Residential building” includes any structure that is used as a model to promote the sale of a similar dwelling house.

(E) “Residential contractor” means a person or entity who, for pay, enters into a contract with an owner for the construction or the substantial rehabilitation of a residential building and who has primary responsibility for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a residential building.

(F) “Accessory structure” has the same meaning as in section 3781.06 of the Revised Code .





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