New York Consolidated Laws, Penal Law - PEN § 220.28. Use of a child to commit a controlled substance offense




1. A person is guilty of use of a child to commit a controlled substance offense when, being eighteen years old or more, he or she commits a felony sale or felony attempted sale of a controlled substance in violation of this article and, as part of that criminal transaction, knowingly uses a child to effectuate such felony sale or felony attempted sale of such controlled substance.

2. For purposes of this section, “uses a child to effectuate the felony sale or felony attempted sale of such controlled substance” means conduct by which the actor:  (a) conceals such controlled substance on or about the body or person of such child for the purpose of effectuating the criminal sale or attempted sale of such controlled substance to a third person;  or (b) directs, forces or otherwise requires such child to sell or attempt to sell or offer direct assistance to the defendant in selling or attempting to sell such controlled substance to a third person.

For purposes of this section, “child” means a person less than sixteen years of age.

Use of a child to commit a controlled substance offense is a class E felony.





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