Minnesota Statutes Property and Property Interests (Ch. 500-515B) § 504B.001. Definitions




Subdivision 1. Applicability.  For the purposes of this chapter, the terms defined in this section have the meanings given them.

Subd. 2. Controlled substance.  “Controlled substance” means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor in Schedules I through V of section 152.02 .  The term does not include distilled spirits, wine, malt beverages, intoxicating liquors, or tobacco.

Subd. 3. Distress for rent.  “Distress for rent” means the act of a landlord seizing personal property of the tenant or other person to enforce payment of rent.

Subd. 4. Evict or eviction.  “Evict” or “eviction” means a summary court proceeding to remove a tenant or occupant from or otherwise recover possession of real property by the process of law set out in this chapter.

Subd. 5. Housing-related neighborhood organization.  “Housing-related neighborhood organization” means a nonprofit corporation incorporated under chapter 317A that:

(1) designates in its articles of incorporation or bylaws a specific geographic community to which its activities are limited;  and

(2) is formed for the purposes of promoting community safety, crime prevention, and housing quality in a nondiscriminatory manner.

For purposes of this chapter, an action taken by a neighborhood organization with the written permission of a residential tenant means, with respect to a building with multiple dwelling units, an action taken by the neighborhood organization with the written permission of the residential tenants of a majority of the occupied units.

Subd. 6. Inspector.  “Inspector” means the person charged by the governing body of the political subdivision in which a residential building is situated, with the responsibility of enforcing provisions of local law, the breach of which could constitute a violation as defined in subdivision 14, clause (1).  If there is no such person, “inspector” means the county agent of a community health board as authorized under section 145A.04 or the chair of the board of county commissioners, and in the case of a manufactured home park, the state Department of Health or its designee.

Subd. 7. Landlord.  “Landlord” means an owner of real property, a contract for deed vendee, receiver, executor, trustee, lessee, agent, or other person directly or indirectly in control of rental property.

Subd. 8. Lease.  “Lease” means an oral or written agreement creating a tenancy in real property.

Subd. 9. License.  “License” means a personal privilege to do a particular act or series of acts on real property without possessing any estate or interest in real property.  It may be created in writing or orally.

Subd. 10. Person.  “Person” means a natural person, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint enterprise, or unincorporated association.

Subd. 11. Residential building.  “Residential building” means:

(1) a building used in whole or in part as a dwelling, including single-family homes, multiple-family units such as apartments, and structures containing both dwelling units and units used for nondwelling purposes, and includes a manufactured home park;  or

(2) an unoccupied building which was previously used in whole or in part as a dwelling and which constitutes a nuisance under section 561.01 .

Subd. 12. Residential tenant.  “Residential tenant” means a person who is occupying a dwelling in a residential building under a lease or contract, whether oral or written, that requires the payment of money or exchange of services, all other regular occupants of that dwelling unit, or a resident of a manufactured home park.

Subd. 13. Tenancy at will.  “Tenancy at will” means a tenancy in which the tenant holds possession by permission of the landlord but without a fixed ending date.

Subd. 14. Violation.  “Violation” means:

(1) a violation of any state, county or city health, safety, housing, building, fire prevention, or housing maintenance code applicable to the building;

(2) a violation of any of the covenants set forth in section 504B.161, subdivision 1 , clause (1) or (2), or in section 504B.171, subdivision 1 ;  or

(3) a violation of an oral or written agreement, lease, or contract for the rental of a dwelling in a building.

Subd. 15. Writ of recovery of premises and order to vacate.  “Writ of recovery of premises and order to vacate” means the writ set out in section 504B.361 .





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