California Code, Code of Civil Procedure - CCP § 583.110
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As used in this chapter, unless the provision or context otherwise requires:
(a) “Action” includes an action commenced by cross-complaint or other pleading that asserts a cause of action or claim for relief.
(b) “Complaint” includes a cross-complaint or other initial pleading.
(c) “Court” means the court in which the action is pending.
(d) “Defendant” includes a cross-defendant or other person against whom an action is commenced.
(e) “Plaintiff” includes a cross-complainant or other person by whom an action is commenced.
(f) “Service” includes return of summons.
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