Alabama Code Title 11. Counties and Municipal Corporations. § 11-44D-4
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If a majority of the qualified electors voting in the referendum provided herein choose a mayor-council form of government, the following provisions of this chapter shall be applicable:
(1) The municipality shall thereafter and as provided in this chapter be governed by a mayor elected at-large and a five-member council elected from single-member districts, which municipality shall have the same powers and duties as herein enumerated and as other mayor-council municipalities organized under Chapter 43, Title 11, and any other powers and duties not inconsistent with this chapter which may be now or hereafter granted to such municipality.
(2) The council shall include five members who shall be elected from districts, which shall be, as near as practicable, of equal population according to the last federal decennial census, but not more than five percent, more or less, than the average of the five districts.
(3) The council members shall be qualified electors of the city, shall have been residents of the district which they represent for at least 90 days prior to the time of filing their statement of candidacy and shall reside in their district during their term of office. If any councilman shall remove from within the limits of his district, his office shall become vacant.
(4) All legislative powers of the city, including all powers vested in it by this chapter, by the laws, general and local, of the state, and by the Code of Alabama 1975, as amended, and the determination of all matters of legislative policy shall be vested in the council. Without limitation of the foregoing, the council shall have power to:
a. Establish administrative departments and distribute the work of divisions,
b. Adopt the budget of the city,
c. Authorize the issuance of bonds, warrants, or other securities,
d. Inquire into the conduct of any office, department, or agency of the city and make investigations as to municipal affairs,
e. Appoint those members of municipal boards which are subject to appointment by the council of other mayor-council municipalities organized under Chapter 43, Title 11,
f. Succeed to all the powers, rights, and privileges conferred upon the former governing body of the city by statutes in effect at the time of adoption by the city of the mayor-council form of government and not in conflict with this chapter,
g. Levy property, sales, use, excise, franchise, and license taxes and local improvements assessments.
(5) The council, by majority vote of the whole qualified membership of the council, shall elect one of its own members to serve as president of the council. The council president shall preside at all meetings of the council and shall have the right to vote on all questions the same as any other member of the council.
In case of the absence of the mayor, or his inability to serve on account of sickness, temporary disability, or other good reason, the council president shall act as mayor pro tempore with the power and authority of the mayor during such time. While the president of the council is serving as mayor pro tempore, he shall receive no additional compensation, and may vote on any matters before council. In the event of a failure or refusal of the president of the council to act as mayor pro tempore, the council may appoint one of its members to act as mayor pro tempore with like effect, which appointment shall be entered in the minutes of council.
In the event of a vacancy in the office of president of the council, the office shall be filled by majority vote of those members of the council voting.
(6) The council, by majority vote of the whole qualified membership of the council, shall elect one of its own members to serve as president pro tempore of the council. The president pro tempore shall serve in the absence of the council president. If a vacancy exists in the office of president pro tempore of the council, the office shall be filled by majority vote of those members of the council voting.
(7) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, council members may vote for themselves for the offices of president and president pro tempore of the council. The president and president pro tempore of the council shall hold their respective offices until the next council takes office, unless otherwise provided in this chapter.
(8) Any vacancies on the council shall be filled as herein provided:
a. If the vacated term has less than one year remaining, then the remaining members of the council shall appoint a successor at any regular meeting by a majority vote of those members voting. In the event of a deadlock, and for purposes of breaking the deadlock, the mayor shall cast a vote to fill the vacancy. For purposes of this subsection, a deadlock shall be determined to exist when, at the end of the third regular meeting of the council following the creation of the vacancy, the council shall not have selected a person to fill the vacancy.
b. If the term has been declared vacant and has one year or more remaining, the council shall call for a special election to fill the vacancy. Such election shall be held not less than 60 days nor more than 90 days from the date such vacancy occurred. Special elections called pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted as provided by the general laws of this state regarding municipal elections.
c. The persons selected or elected to fill a vacancy shall possess all the qualifications of office, including residence in the district he represents, and shall serve the remainder of the unexpired term until a successor has been qualified and elected.
(9) The mayor shall be elected by the whole of the electors of the city, shall be a qualified elector of the city, and shall have been a resident of the city at least 90 days prior to the time of filing his statement of candidacy, and shall reside within the limits of the city during his term of office. If the mayor shall remove from within the limits of the city, his office shall become vacant.
(10) All executive powers of the city shall be vested in the mayor and the mayor shall be the head of the executive and administrative branches of city government. The mayor shall not sit with council nor have a vote in its proceedings, but he shall have veto power the same as is provided in Section 11-45-4, as amended. The mayor shall be responsible for the proper administration of all affairs of the city, and, except as otherwise provided herein, the mayor shall have the power and shall be required to:
a. Enforce all laws and ordinances,
b. Appoint and remove, when necessary for the good of the service, all officers and employees of the city subject to the provisions of Section 11-43-81, as amended, and subject to the provisions of any civil service or merit system law applicable to such municipality. The mayor may authorize the head of a department or office to appoint and remove subordinates in such department or office,
c. Appoint those members of municipal boards which are subject to appointment by the mayor of other mayor-council municipalities organized under Chapter 43, Title 11,
d. Exercise administrative supervision and control over all officers, employees, offices, departments, and agencies of the municipality or hereafter created by council, except those otherwise given independent status; and subject to any civil service or merit system law in effect in such municipality,
e. Keep the council fully advised as to the financial conditions and needs of the city; prepare and submit the budget annually to the council and be responsible for its administration after its adoption; prepare and submit, as of the end of the fiscal year, a complete report on the financial and administrative activities of the city for such year,
f. Recommend to the council such actions as the mayor deems desirable,
g. Prepare and submit to the council such reports as may be required of the mayor,
h. Perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law or required of the mayor by ordinance or by resolution of the council not inconsistent with this chapter.
(11) Whenever any vacancy in the office of mayor shall occur by reason of death, resignation, removal, or any other cause, the president of the council shall assume the duties of the office of mayor effective on the date such vacancy occurs and shall serve as acting mayor until a new mayor is elected. While the president of the council is serving as acting mayor, he shall receive the same rate of pay and allowance provided for the mayor whose vacated office he fills, and may vote on any matters before council. In the event of a failure or refusal of the president of the council to serve as acting mayor, the council may appoint one of its members to serve as acting mayor with like effect, which appointment shall be entered in the minutes of council.
The council shall within 21 days of the occurrence of the vacancy in the office of the mayor call for a special election to fill the vacancy, such election to be held not less than 60 days nor more than 90 days from the date the vacancy occurred. Special elections called pursuant to this section shall be conducted as provided by the general laws of this state regarding municipal elections. The successor to the mayor chosen at any such election shall qualify for office as soon as practicable thereafter, and shall assume the duties, responsibilities, and powers of such office immediately upon such qualification, and shall hold office for the unexpired term of his predecessor and until his successor is elected and qualified.
(12) All laws or parts of laws relating to other mayor-council municipalities organized under Chapter 43, Title 11, not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter, shall become applicable to any municipality choosing the mayor-council form of government pursuant to this chapter.
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